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Published In: Revisio Generum Plantarum 2: 514. 1891. (5 Nov 1891) (Revis. Gen. Pl.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Contributor Text: I.C. Hedge
Flower/Fruit: Fl. Per.: May-July.
Type: Type: [USSR] Caucasus, circa Ananour et Dushet, Steven (H).
Distribution: Distribution: NE Turkey, Caucasus, Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Himalaya (Kashmir to Nepal and Bhutan), India, Sri Lanka, Burma, China, Malaysia, Taiwan, Islands of SE Asia.
Comment/Acknowledgements: Closely related to the previous species but, even where their ranges overlap, there are usually no difficulties of identification. Often growing in damp places and cultivated ground. Commoner than Clinopodium vulgaris. R. R. Stewart (1961, l.c.) noted that this was a very common plant in the Deosai plains. Gynodioecism apparently occurs in both species in the form of male-sterile plants or plants in which there is partial malformation of the thecae.

In the eastermost parts of the species range a var. souliei (Levl.) McKean is sometimes recognized which, if accepted, means that our taxon would have to be called Clinopodium umbrosum var. umbrosum.

Map Location: A-7 Chitral: Kaghosi, Chitral to Mastuj, 1500 m, Stainton 2417 (BM, E); B-6 Chitral: Shishi Gol, NE of Drosh, 2130 m, Stainton 3159 (BM, E); Arandu, SW of Drosh, 1200 m, Stainton 2311 (BM, E); Drosh gol, 1800 m, Y. Nasir 5114 (E, RAW); Madaklasht to Drosh, Qaiser & Ghafoor 6805 (KUH); Birir valley, Qaiser & Ghafoor 1886 (KUH); Dir: Rani village, Qaiser & Ghafoor 1730 (KUH); B-7 Swat 6 km Shangla to Mingora, Qaiser & Ghafoor 4705 (KUH); Kulalai, Farooqi s.n. (KUH); Kalam, 2200 m, Rechinger 19390 (E, W), Kazmi 9049 (KUH); Hazara: 6 km Haripur to Garhi Habibullah, Saood Omer et al. 500 (KUH); Dadar Nala, 1230 m, Y. Nasir 9614 (KUH, RAW); Utroth, Atiq-ur-Rahmon s.n. (KUH); Nathiagab, Qaiser & Kamal Akhtar 110 (KUH); Abbottabad: Havelian to Abbotabad, Qaiser & Ghafoor 4051 (KUH); 20 km Abbottabad to Nathiagali, Kamal & Qaiser 152 (KUH); Abbottabad, Jafri s.n. (KUH); Kashmir: Muzaffarabad: Leepa valley, Qaiser & Ghafoor 5028 (KUH); Jehlum valley, coll. illeg. s.n. (KUH); Chikar, 1820 m, E. Nasir 5361 (E, RAW); Bandapur, 1670 m, Stainton 7869 (BM, E); B-9 Kashmir: Baltistan, Deosai Plains, Burzil Pass, R. R. Stewart s.n. (RAW); C-7 Rawalpindi: Murree, Sultanul Abedin 7329 (KUH); Company Bagh. Kamal Akhtar & Qaiser 42 (KUH).


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Perennial herb with a slender rootstock. Stems few or several, branched or not, 20-40 cm, erect or ascending, usually slender, pilose with eglandular white spreading or retrorse hairs. Leaves thin-textured, 10-30 x 5-20 mm, broadly ovate to ovate-oblong, subentire, crenulate to serrate, rounded at base, acute above, sparingly pilose especially on veins beneath, with or without scattered sessile oil globules; petiole to c. 10 mm, often much less. Verticillasters in axils of upper leaves, 10-20 (-40)-flowered, loose or more or less so, remote, terminal and axillary. Bracts 1.5-4 mm. Pedicels erect-spreading, 2-3 mm. Calyx 5-6 mm, curved, with long spreading eglandular hairs and with or without scattered capitate glandular hairs; teeth of upper lip 0.5-1 mm, triangular; teeth of lower lip c. 1.5 mm subulate, ciliate. Corolla pink to purple, 6-9 mm; tube included within or scarcely exserted from calyx teeth. Thecae glabrous, parallel or divergent. Nutlets c. 0.8 x 0.5 mm, smooth, subglobose, with a white attachment scar.
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