Home Flora of Pakistan
Name Search
District Map
Grid Map
Inventory Project
Jatropha curcas L. Search in The Plant ListSearch in IPNISearch in Australian Plant Name IndexSearch in NYBG Virtual HerbariumSearch in Muséum national d'Histoire naturelleSearch in Type Specimen Register of the U.S. National HerbariumSearch in Virtual Herbaria AustriaSearch in JSTOR Plant ScienceSearch in SEINetSearch in African Plants Database at Geneva Botanical GardenAfrican Plants, Senckenberg Photo GallerySearch in Flora do Brasil 2020Search in Reflora - Virtual HerbariumSearch in Living Collections Decrease font Increase font Restore font

Published In: Species Plantarum 2: 1006. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Contributor Text: A. RADCLIFFE-SMITH
Type: Lectotype: Hortus Cliffortianus No. 3 p. 445, ‘America calidiore’ (BM).
Distribution: Distribution: Mexico and the West Indies south to Chile.
Comment/Acknowledgements: Widely cultivated as a hedge-plant (not eaten by goats) and for medicinal purpos-es (the seeds yield a violently purgative oil), and naturalized in the Old World Tropics generally. The “Physic Nut”.
Map Location: C-8 Kashmir: Riasi, Jammu etc. (Stewart, l.c.).


Export To PDF Export To Word
A ± glabrous soft-wooded shrub or small tree usually up to 6 m, rarely taller. Bark smooth, shiny, peeling. Stems somewhat fleshy, copiously emitting a slightly milky juice when cut. Petioles (3-) 10-15 (-20) cm. Leaf-blades palmately quinquelobate or occasionally elobate, 7-15 (-18) cm long and wide, the median lobe often acutely acuminate, the laterals acute or obtuse, entire or obscurely denticulate, the blades cordate, 7-9-nerved from the base, dark green. Stipules minute, very fugacious. Inflorescences usually lateral, often paired, subcorymbiform, up to 12 cm long, with a clear peduncle up to 7 cm long; bracts linear-lanceolate, 5-10 mm long, acute, entire. Male flowers: calyx-lobes elliptic-ovate, 2 x 2 mm, obtuse, entire; corolla campanulate, lobes oblong-ovate, 3 x 1.5 mm, rounded, piose within, greenish-yellow; disc-glands free, erect, rounded; stamens 8, 3 mm long, the 5 outer ± free, the 3 inner connate, anthers 1.5 mm long. Female flowers: calyx-lobes twice as long as in the ♂flowers, otherwise similar; petals ± free, elliptic-oblong, 6 x 2.5 mm, otherwise as in the ♂; disc ± as in the ♂; staminodes 10, whitish with orange tips; ovary subtrilobate-ellipsoid, 2 x 2 mm; styles 2 mm long, the stigmas elongate, erect, bifid. Fruit ellipsoid, 2.5-3 x 2 cm, loculicidally dehiscent or subdrupaceous, green, yellowish or black. Seeds compressed, oblong-ellipsoid, 1.7 x 1 cm, black; caruncle minute.
© 2022 Missouri Botanical Garden - 4344 Shaw Boulevard - Saint Louis, Missouri 63110