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Project Name Data (Last Modified On 9/27/2013)

Flora Data (Last Modified On 9/27/2013)
Species Erythrina crista-galli L.
PlaceOfPublication Mant. 99. 1767.
Note TYPE: Brasil, not seen.
Description Armed tree, leafy when flowering. Leaves with the leaflets elliptic or ovate, 5-8 cm long, 2-3 cm wide, chartaceous, puberulent but soon glabrous, the costa sometimes armed beneath. Inflorescence of flowers solitary or in 2's or 3's in the leaf axils, often subterminal; pedicels 1.2-6 cm long, pubescent with deciduous hairs; bracts linear lanceolate, 2.4-3 mm long; bracteoles somewhat smaller. Flowers with the calyx papery, broadly campanulate, 10-17 mm long, slightly shorter on the upper side, 10-15 mm wide at the mouth, the apex bilobed, pu- bescent in bud, soon glabrous; standard red, elliptic, sometimes broadly so, ca. 4 cm long, 2.1-2.6 cm wide, the wings variously shaped, sometimes toothed, 7- 12 mm long, the keel petals falcate, 32-53 mm long; stamens 3.6-6.2 cm long, separate for 0.3-0.7 cm; pistil 3.4-6 cm long, the ovary densely pubescent, the stipe sparingly pubescent. Fruit woody, 14-39 cm long, 1.2-1.5 cm wide, slightly constricted between the seeds, the stipe 2-4 mm long, somewhat expanded up- wards, the acumen 0.7-1 cm long, slender but stiff; seeds black with dark mark- ings, 12-19 mm long, 5-8 mm wide, hard, smooth.
Habit tree
Note Erythrina crista-galli is distinct among species of Erythrina growing in Panama in its dark seeds, in its short, wide calyx, and in its wing petals which are much shorter than the keel or standard. The species occurs naturally in Brasil and is known in Panama only in culti- vation. It is a favorite cultivated tree in some parts of the world, but only one collection has been made in Panama. The above description is taken mainly from Krukoff (1939).
Specimen CANAL ZONE: Albrook across from Building 808, Tyson 6261 (MO).
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