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Published In: Species Plantarum 2: 778–779. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Flower/Fruit: Fl.Per.: May-September.
Type: Type: Described from Spain and France, Herb. Linn.933/6 (LINN); Herb.Cliff. (BM).
Distribution: Distribution: Pakistan, India, Central Asia to Europe, Orient and N. Africa; widely cultivated.
Comment/Acknowledgements: Lucerne or alfalfa is widely cultivated as fodder.
Illustration: Medicago sativa L. (Illustration)
Map Location: A-6 Chitral, Birir, M.A. Siddiqi & A.Rehman 26887 (RAW); A-7 Gilgit, 45 miles from Farm on way to Gilgit, Sultanul Abedin & M. Qaiser 9080 (KUH); Gilgit, McVeen s.n. 1960 (RAW); B-6 Chitral, Chitral, near Airport, soil sandy clay, Sultanul Abedin 8097 (KUH); B-7 Kalam, Kalam-Utrore, Nasir & Siddiqi 961 (KUH); Swat, Kalam, Saida Qureshi 97 (KUH); Kalam, S.A. Faruqi 55 (KUH); Swat, Sho Nala, A.Rahman 146 (RAW); Below Kalam, R.R.Stewart 24584 (RAW); Hazara, 6 miles from Naran on way to Batakundi, Sultanul Abedin & M. Qaiser 8943 (KUH); B-8 Kashmir, Rama, 5500 ft., 14.8.1891, G.A. Gammie (K); Atchibal, 6000 ft., R.R. Stewart 3177 (K); Sind Valley, 6000 ft., R.R. Stewart 6942 (K); Baltistan, Shigar, R.R. Stewart 20527 (RAW); C-7 Kaghan, 8 miles from Mahandri on way to Kaghan, M. Qaiser & A. Ghafoor 5236 (KUH); D-4 Quetta, Urak, S.I. Ali 1209 (KUH); Quetta, Urak, M. Qaiser & A. Ghafoor 1349 (KUH); D-5 Fort Sandeman, Harsukh 20522 (K); Urak-Zarghone, 7000-8500 ft., H. Crookshank 389 (K); F-2 Makran, Rest House, Sakrand, Sultanul Abedin and Abrar Husain 9450 (KUH); G-5 Hyderabad, 1 mile from Jamshoro on way to Hyderabad, on Super Highway, M. Qaiser, A. Roza & Abrar Husain 615 (KUH).


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Mostly erect to suberect perennial herbs, 30-60 cm, pubescent to subglabrous. Leaflets 5-20 mm long, 3-10 mm broad, obovate to sublinear, dentate at apex, appressed pubescent; entire or dentate at base. Inflorescence a peduncled raceme, peduncle much longer than petiole. Calyx teeth as long as the tube. Corolla 6-12 mm long, violet to pale lavender. Fruit falcate or in a loose spiral of 11-4 turns, glabrous to appressed pilose, 10-20-seeded.
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