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Published In: Geraniaceae 1: pl. 90. 1821. (Geraniaceae) Name publication detail

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Contributor Text: YASIN J. NASIR
Flower/Fruit: Fl. Per.: July-September.
Type: Type: Goshain Than, Wallich 8558 (B, iso-K!, BM!).
Distribution: Distribution: Afghanistan and N.W. Himalaya.
Comment/Acknowledgements: Common as a forest undergrowth from 1600-3300 m. Typically, the species can easily be recognised by its large oblong to oval stipule but there are forms of this plant found in Hazara and Kashmir (Fig. 3, A-E), with a more slender habit, smaller stipules (2-10 mm), leaves, petal and seed size.

Occasionally the species may also have pale white flowers. The plant parts are astringent and used as a cure for tooth; ache.

Illustration: Geranium wallichianum D. Don ex Sweet (Illustration)
Map Location: Dir: B-6 Kulala. 9000', Salim 184 (K); Chitral: B-6 Thin Forest, Hassandin 161 (RAW); Gilgit: A-8 Nagar forest, 8500', 12.9.55, S.A. Khan s.n. (PPFI--B); Shukogah nala, 10500'-13000', Thornley 51 p.p. (BM); Kurram: C-6 above Makai Village, ± 8500', Parachinar, M.A. Siddiqi & Y. Nasir 4322; 6890 (RAW); B-7 Swat: Shangla, M. Qaiser & A. Ghafoor 4730; 8305 (KUH); Mankial, I. Khan 1076 (RAW; PPFI-B); Swat, A.H. Khan 3634 (PPFI-M); Dir Dist.: Dir-Lowari, N. Ali 10220 (RAW); C-6 Khyber Agency: on way to Saryara, M Khan 427 (PPFI-B); Koki Khel, 24.4.80, N. Khan s.n. (PPFI-B); Amadai, N. Khan s.n. (PPFI - B); Dunga, Tirah, N. Khan 350 (PPFI-B); Sera Kha, 7.6.65, N. Khan s.n. (PPFI-B); Sandapal, Tirah, 14.8.80 N. Khan s.n. (PPFI-B); B-7 Hazara Dist.: Thandiani, Y. & I. Nasir 7496 (RAW); Kowai-Shogran, ± 5000', Sultanul Abedin & M. Qaiser 8760; 8730 (KUH); Kabi gali, 8-9000', Duthie 7443 (K); Shogran, Kemal Ibrahim 6910 (RAW); id. 5.7.53 Kazmi s.n. (KUH); Shogran-Seri Hut, ± 8500', Z. Ali & Fritz Grohmann 5918 (RAW); Balakot-Babusar, J. Abel 30 (BM); Changla Gali, ± 8000', R. R. & I.D- Stewart 3828 (RAW); Dunga Gali, R.R. Stewart 1111 (RAW); id., S.M. Hussain s.n. (PPFI-B); Nathia Gali, ± 8000', M.A. Siddiqi & Y. Nasir 1519 p.p. (RAW); id., as forest undergrowth, Nathia Gali, S.A. Farooqi & M. Qaiser 3471 (KUH); Galies, Qadir & Zaman 8121 (PPFI-M); Kalabagh, Sultanul Abedin 7664 (KUH); id., M.S. Ansari & Saeeda Qureshi 132;222 (KUH); Charmat, Kaghan, 16.8.97, Duthie s.n. (RAW); below forest rest house, Kund, ± 7800', Y. & I. Nasir, 7721;7713 (RAW); Monari, Siran, 14.8.1899, Inayat s.n. (K); Rawalpindi Dist.: C-7 Murree, Prem Singh 228 (RAW); Murree, 19.8.50, I. Hussain s.n. (PPFI-B); Patriata, flowers purple, M.A. Siddiqi & Y. Nasir 6058 (RAW); id., M.A. Ali 232 (PPFI-B); Upper Topa, 20.9.51, A.H. Khan s.n. (PPFI-B); Kashmir: Muzaffarabad: Leepa Vy., Sultanul Abedin & A. Ghafoor 5053 (KUH); C-7 Trarkhel, 7.7.56,A.H. Khan s.n. (PPFI-B).


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Perennial 40-60 cm tall, eglandular, pubescent to pilose; rhizome stout, vertical. Stem ascending, diffuse. Leaves 5-angled, palmati-partite or sect, 3-11 cm broad, pilose-pubescent; segments broadly ovate-rhombic, pinnatifid or deeply so into acute lobes; stipules 8-20 x 6-12 mm, elliptic-obtuse or oblong, pilose-pubescent, apex sometimes 2-fid or irregularly toothed; petiole 3-12 cm long, retrorsely pubescent-hairy. Peduncles up to 13 cm long, 2-flowered, pubescent-retrorsely hairy. Flowers 3- 4 cm broad. Pedicels 4-6.5 cm long, retrorsely hairy, ± deflexed in fruit. Bracts 10-15 mm long, broad lanceolate, acuminate, apex 2-fid. Sepals 8-10 mm long, elliptic-oblong, 3-nerved, pubescent-pilose. Petals 1.5-2 cm long, slightly retuse, mauve, claw dense ciliate. Filaments and styles reddish, dilated half of the filament obovate, often ciliate and pubescent. Beak 2.5-3 cm long, pubescent-puberulous within on dehiscence (rarely patent hairy). Mericarps patent hairy. Seed 5 mm long, oblong, minutely reticulate.
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