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Published In: Plantae Asiaticae Rariores 1: 59. 1830. (Pl. Asiat. Rar.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Contributor Text: I.C. Hedge
Flower/Fruit: Fl. Per.: March-December.
Type: Type: Nepal, ann. 1831, Wallich.
Distribution: Distribution: E. Afghanistan, Pakistan, Kashmir, Himalayas to Bhutan, Burma, China, Malaysia.
Comment/Acknowledgements: A common, rather xerophytic plant from the plains up to c. 2200 in, represented by a large number of collections (only a selection is cited above).

A close ally of Ajuga parvifora and sometimes, in literature, confused with it. Although the characters given above in combination clearly separate the two species, the size of the nutlets (which are usually present on all but the most immature specimens) is apparently the best single distinguishing feature.

The floral differences of smaller flowers and included stamens, combined with their very similar distribution (in our area) might suggest that Ajuga parviflora was merely a male-sterile sex form of Ajuga bracteosa. But this does not seem to be the case as several of the specimens of Ajuga parviflora examined had normal well-formed pollen.

Map Location: A-7 Chitral: Rumbur, 2550 m, Bowes Lyon 674 (BM, E); B-6 Swat: Utror, 2200 m, Rechinger in Lamond 1854 (E); Jabba Valley, E. of Kohila, c. 2000 m, Lamond 1767 (E); Malakand, Kalam, Kazmi 5278 (KUH); Malakand, Khwaza Khela, Kazmi 5308 (KUH); Dir: Dir Town to Lowari Top, Qaiser & Ghafoor 1758 (KUH); Dir, 2000 m, Harriss 16491 (E, K); B-7 Swat: Madian, Kazmi 9059 (KUH); near Pir Baba, Sulanul Abedin 337 (KUH); Mingora to Charbagh, Kazmi 2438 (KUH); near Chakdara, Khan Bahadur 6751 (KUH); Gutibagh, Siddiqi & Y. Nasir 7382 (KUH); Barikot to Chakdara, Qaiser & Ghafoor 7449 (KUH); Murghzar, Sultanul Abedin 515 (KUH); Jahanabad to Jabba, Qaiser & Ghafoor 4758 (KUH); Hazara: Balakot, 1220 m, Jafri & Ali 3469 (KUH); Muzaffarabad to Abbottabad, Farooqi & Qaiser 3166 (KUH); 6 km from Chiliad to Muzaffarabad, Farooqi & Qaiser 3034 (KUH); Mansehra to Khaki, E. & Y. Nasir 8056 (RAW); Mansehra to Garhi Habibuilah, Qaiser & Sultanul Abedin 5831 (KUH); Abbottabad: Abbottabad, 1370 m, Bunt 470 (E), Suhanul Abedin 2905, 2965 (KUH), Qazilbash 2065 (KMH); Kashmir: Muzaffarabad, Kazmi 4983 (KUH); B-8 Kashmir: Batkoot, Pahlgam, 2000 m, Ludlow & Sherrill 7599 (BM, E); C-6 Kohat: Samana hills near Hangum, Kazmi & Salim 3303 m (KUH); Kohat pass, 900 m, Lomond 1528 (E); Kurram: near Parachinar, sine.coll. 5934 (KUH); Waziristan: Suleman Khel, Qazilbash 560 (KUH); C-7 Hazara: Haripur, Kazmi 4856 (KUH); Rawalpindi: Bharatian, Panjar, 2200 m, Y. Nasir 10147 (RAW); Jherora, Y. Nasir 9460 (RAW); near Karete, Siddiqi & Y. Nasir 6670 (RAW); Islamabad to Lahore, Qaiser & Ghafoor 7346 (KUH); Islamabad, Kazmi 3065 (KUH); Sargodha: Sakesar hills, Qaiser & Ghafoor 4506 (KUH); Campbellpur: Hassanabdal, Sultanul Abedin 2752 (KUH); Kashmir: Paliat, Karot, E. & Y. Nasir 9812 (RAW); D-5 Zhob: Fort Sandeman to Dera Ismail Khan, Kazmi 1953 (KUH); D-6 Dera Ismail Khan: Sulaiman Range, 1800 m, Lomond 1490 (E); D-8 Lahore: Changa Manga Forest, Kazmi 3400 (KUH).


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Very similar to the previous species in habit, size and indumentum, but usually with a woodier rootstock, leaves often larger (up to 9 x 3.5 cm but usually much less) with a more crenate to ± lobed margin, calyces 3-4.5 mm, corollas (7-) 10 (-13) mm, stamens usually exserted, and nutlets clearly longer and broader (c. 2-2.5 x 1.5 mm) and brown-black. The leaves and calyces tend to dry darker in colour than Ajuga parviflora.
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