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Published In: Species Plantarum 2: 587–588. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Contributor Text: I.C. Hedge
Flower/Fruit: Fl. Per.: March-July.
Type: Type: "Flab. in rupestribus Europae, Canadae (LINN 742/1 - microfiche!).
Distribution: Distribution: Europe, SW Asia, C. Asia, NW India.
Comment/Acknowledgements: Bothmer (l.c, 1967) recognized 3 subspecies; all our material would come under the type subspecies. See comments under next species.
Map Location: B-6 Dir: 6 mm from Dir to Drosh, Qaiser & Ghafoor 1771 (E, KUH); Dir, Sultanul Abedin 7061 (KUH), Qaiser & Ghafoor 6457 (KUH); Chitral: Ziarat, Lowarai pass, 2100 m, Stainton 2544 (BM, E); Bundai, Harriss 16524 (E, K); B-7 Swat: Khawazakheila to Shangla, c. 1600 m, Rechinger 30584 (W); Ushu, 2400 m, Rechinger 19512 (W); 4 km Utror to Utror Gabel, Sultanul Abedin 416 (KUH); Mahandari, Qaiser & Ghafoor 5232 (KUH); Hazara: Kaghan, Kazmi 414 (KUH); Batal, Qaiser & Ghafoor 5475 (KUH); Changla Gali, S. I. Ali s.n. (KUH); 7 km from Kawai to Shogram, Sultanul Abedin & Qaiser 2793 (KUH); Shogram, Kazmi 2086 (KUH); Kaghan valley, Naran, 2100 m, Muqarrab Shah & Jamshed 115 (E); Kashmir: Aath Muqam, Qaiser 3105 (KUH); Muzaffarabad, Chagothi, Kazmi 4975 (KUH); B-8 Kashmir: Sind valley, Gandarbal, 1980 m, Ludlow & Sherriff 7264 (BM, E); Khelanmarg, 3300 m, O. Polunin 56/157 (BM, E); Liddar, Sekiwas, 3350 m, Stainton 7882 (BM, E); Kostorkut, NW Vishensar, 3350 m, O. Polunin 56/690 (BM, E); C-5/6 Waziristan: Suleman Khel, Qazilbash s.n. (KUH); C-6 Kohat: Samana hills near Hangu, Kazmi 3272 (KUH).


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Perennial herb with a slender woody rootstock. Stems 30-60 cm, erect or ascending, simple or with few branches, with a retrorse white eglandular indumentum of varying density. Leaves rather thin-textured, ovate, 2-3.5 x 1.2-2 cm, subentire or crenulate-denticulate, rounded at base, pilose, with or without sessile oil globules; petiole up to 12 mm. Verticillasters in axils of upper leaves, densely globose, up to 30- (-40)-flowered, remote, terminal and axillary. Bracts 5-10 mm, subulate-filiform, ciliate. Pedicels erect-spreading, c. 2 mm. Calyx 7-10 mm, curved, green or purplish, with long spreading eglandular hairs, with or without capitate glandular hairs; teeth of upper lip 2.5-3 mm, subulate, of lower lip 3-5 mm upwardly curved; throat with some long eglandular hairs, but not bearded. Corolla rose to purple, 12-15 (-20) mm, soon deciduous; tube not or scarcely exserted from calyx teeth. Thecae glabrous, parallel or diverging. Nutlets pale brown, smooth, subglobose, c. 1 x 0.8 mm, with a white attachment scar.
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