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Published In: Species Plantarum 2: 579. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Contributor Text: I.C. Hedge
Flower/Fruit: Fl. Per.: June-September.
Type: Type: Europe (LINN 733/8, 9,10 - microfiche!).
Distribution: Distribution: Throughout Europe and Asia.
Comment/Acknowledgements: In Flora Iranica, Mennema uses the name Lamium album subsp. crinitum (Montb. & Auch. ex Benth.) Mennema, citing some species from Chitral and Swat under this name. On the other hand, Mill in Flora Turkey (7: 144. 1982) restricts Lamium crinitum, as a species, to Turkey, Azerbaidjan and possibly NW Iran. Although the calyx teeth in our material are generally clearly longer than the tube, a feature stressed by Mennema for his subsp. crinitum, I prefer to call our species Lamium album recognizing that it is a variable, especially in the length of the calyx teeth, and very widespread taxon. It usually grows in damp or shady places, up to 3500 m.
Illustration: Lamium album L. (Illustration)
Map Location: B-6 Chitral: Drosh, 3500 m, Bowes Lyon 184 (BM, E); Lowarai pass, 2440 m, Stainton 2562 (BM, E); Swat: Kalam, 2500 m, Lomond 1827 (E); Bahrain, Kazmi 9064 (KUH); B-7 Chitral: Dir to Lahori, Qazilbash s.n. (KUH); Hazara: Sari Hut, 2740 m, Muqarrab Shah & Jomshed 76 (E); Shogran, Kazmi 2124, 2169 (KUH); Malam Jabba, Atiq ur Rehman s.n. (KUH); Chail Sar, 2740 m, Burtt 1214 (E); Changla Gali to Nathiagali, Kamal Akhrar & Qaiser 88 (KUH); Nathiagali, Qaiser & Ghafoor 2033 (KUH); Swat: Utror, 2200 m, Rechinger 1856 (E); Madian, Kazmi 9121 (KUH); Sharan Rest-house, 2300 m, Y. Nasir & Meyer 8793 (KUH); Kaghan to Naran , Farooqi & Qaiser 3334 (KUH); Kashmir: Muzaffarabad, Leepa valley, Qaiser & Ghafoor 5018, 7760 (KUH); Kishan Ganga, Kazmi 301, 1420 (KUH); B-8 Kashmir: Gulmarg, c. 2280 m, Duthie s.n. (E); Khelanmarg, 3280 m, O. Polunin 56/169 (E); Kotihar valley, 2130 m, Halcro Johnston 28, 59 (E); C-7 Rawalpindi: Jhica Gali, c. 2100 m, Y. Nasir 10271 (KUH); Murree: Ghora Gali forest Rest-house, Kazmi 3182 (KUH); Sargodha: Salt Range, Fleming s.n. (E); G-8 Kashmir: Serimang, 1900 m, A. Rashid et at. 25538 (KUH).


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Perennial with a short creeping rhizome. Stems few or solitary, ascending or erect, usually unbranched, 20-70 cm quadrangular, often purplish below, leafy, with a sparse indumentum of usually retrorse hispidulous hairs. Leaves ovate c. 4-9 x 2.5-5 cm, serrate, acute, cordate to truncate, with a thin indu-mentum of eglandular hairs; petiole up to 8 cm on basal leaves much less on upper leaves. Verticillasters 3-7, up to 20-flowered, distant. Bracts ± linear, 2-7 mm, ciliate. Calyx 10-15 mm long; tube tubular-campanulate with a ± thin eglandular indumentum; teeth triangular-linear to subulate, equal, ciliate-setulose, usually longer than the tube, wide-spreading in fruit. Corolla white, rarely light rose, 20-25 mm; upper lip ± densely velutinous or bearded, 8-10 mm, hooded; lower lip ± reflexed; tube ± sigmoid, gibbous at base, incompletely obliquely annulate. Stamens ± included under upper lip; thecae usually dark coloured, bearded. Style ± equally bifid. Nutlets c. 3-3.5 x 1.5-2 mm, with a short broad stipe, dark brown, basally trigonous, apically truncate-rounded, not mucilaginous on wetting.
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