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Published In: Systema Vegetabilium, editio decima sexta 2: 743. 1825. (Syst. Veg. [Sprengel]) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Contributor Text: I.C. Hedge
Flower/Fruit: Fl. Per.: July-October.
Type: Type: "In India oriental" Heyne (B?).
Distribution: Distribution: E. Afghanistan, Pakistan, Kashmir, Assam, Deccan.
Comment/Acknowledgements: The spreading and retrorse stem hairs, the numerous imbricate bracts and the few large verticillasters are characteristic features. R. R. Stewart (1972) notes it as a "common hot weather field weed". Used as a culinary herb.
Illustration: Leucas cephalotes (Roth) Spreng. (Illustration)
Map Location: B-6 Malakand: Budal, Kazmi 5213 (KUH); B-7 Hazara: Terbela to Darband, near Kirpalian, Burtt 1178 (E). 3 Km from Muzaffarabad to Abbotabad, Farooqi & Qaiser 3149 (KUH); Swat: Saidu, Rodin 5436 (K); Mingora, R. R. Stewart s.n. (RAW); C-6 Peshawar: ann. 1907, Deane s.n. (K); Peshawar to Bara, Sultanu! Abedin 530 (KUH); C-7 Rawalpindi: near National Herbarium, Islamabad, Qaiser 7037 (KUH); C-8 Kashmir, Poonch: Hajra, Siddiqui 29052 (E); D-8 Lahore: Changa Manga, Kazmi 3393 (KUH).


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Annual. Stems erect, unbranched or with few branches, 10-50 cm, leafy, pubescent with spreading and adpressed retrorse hairs. Leaves narrow oblong-elliptic, cuneate, subentire to slightly crenate, up to 8 x 2 cm, with long and short eglandular hairs denser below; petiole on lower leaves sub-absent to c. 5 mm. Verticillasters 1-2 on branches, globose, 2-3.5 cm in diameter, up to 50-flowered. Bracts numerous, imbricate, narrow, ovate-lanceolate, acuminate, equalling calyces, ciliate on margins. Calyx 12-15 mm, tubular, slightly curved, clearly nerved, with a slightly oblique mouth, distinctly hairy at throat, with eglandular and sometimes also with very short glandular hairs; teeth 10, subequal, shortly triangular, mucronulate, c. 1 mm. Corolla c. 15 mm, upper lip bearded; lower lip dearly longer than upper. Nutlets narrow oblong, bluntly trigonous, c. 3 x 2 mm.
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