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Published In: Species Plantarum 2: 592. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Contributor Text: I.C. Hedge
Type: Described from Geneva and Italy (LINN 745/1 - microfiche!).
Distribution: Distribution: S. Europe, Mediterranean region eastwards to Iran. Grown as a culinary herb in various parts of the world.
Comment/Acknowledgements: Sometimes cultivated for the lemon fragrance of the crushed leaves, and occasionally used in herbal teas.
Map Location: B-7 Hazara: Abbottabad, Narindar Kaur s.n. (RAW); C-6 Kurram: Parachinar, Shilazan, Arif Ahmad 163 (KUH).


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Perennial with sturdy stems 60-100 cm, branched in region of inflorescence, with an indumentum of long spreading eglandular hairs or very short glands, ± densely leafy. Leaves with a pleasant lemony fragrance, up to 8 x 5 cm, lower cordate, upper cuneate, crenate-dentate, acute, with scattered adpressed eglandular hairs adaxially, usually gland-dotted below, sometimes densely pubescent; petiole up to 4 cm; upper leaves subtending verticillasters, smaller than lower. Verticillasters numerous, 6-8-flowered, distant. Bracts linear, c. 4 x 2 mm. Pedicels erect-spreading, 3-5 mm. Calyx 6-8 mm; upper lip with 3 very short spinulose teeth; lower lip with 2 longer narrowly triangular subulate teeth; calyx scarcely expanded in fruit, sub-5-angular; indumentum of glandular and eglandular hairs. Corolla white, cream or lilac, 10-14 mm, soon deciduous. Nutlets 4, c. 2 x 1 mm, mucilaginous on wetting.
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