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Published In: Labiatarum Genera et Species 4: 378–379. 1834. (Labiat. Gen. Spec.) Name publication detail

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Contributor Text: I.C. Hedge
Flower/Fruit: Fl. Per.: Almost throughout the year.
Type: Type: Nepal, Buchanan-Hamilton.
Distribution: Distribution: E. Afghanistan, Pakistan, Kashmir, NW India, Himalayas to Bhutan and China (see comments below).
Comment/Acknowledgements: A frequent plant growing in a wide variety of habitats, from the plains up to c. 2400 m. It varies substantially in general facies and in the density and type of indumentum, but in other characters relatively little. It is one of a complex of very wide-ranging taxa which stretches from China to Afghanistan and, with a disjunction, to W and SW Arabia and E and southern Africa. Despite the attempts of various authors to classify the complex, the problem seems almost intractable. Our plant may be the same as the one in the W and SW of the Arabian peninsula and E and S Africa - some facets of it, the Arabian plant, certainly are most similar to our plant.

The earliest name in the complex is Micromeria imbricata (Forssk.) Christen. (type locality N Yemen) and if a wide circumscription is taken of the species complex, this would be the correct name for our plant.

Illustration: Micromeria biflora (Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don) Benth. (Illustration)
Map Location: A-7 Chitral: Bundai, Harriss 16551 (E, K); B-6 Chitral: Arandu, SW of Drosh, 1200 m, Stainton 2309 (BM, E); Dir: near Dir, Qaiser & Ghafoor 1709 (KUH); Malakand: Malakand to Swat, 1800 m, Lomond 1650 (E), Rechinger 30451 (W); B-7 Swat: Khawazakhiela to Shangla, 1300 m, Lomond 1696 (E), Rechinger 30599 (W); near Shangla, Qaiser & Ghafoor 4694 (KUH); Madyan to Kalam, 1700 m, Rechinger 19378 (W); Khwaja hill, 1000 m, Ali 25975 (KUH); Hazara: Oghi to Battagram, Burtt 738 (E); Changla Gali, Ali s.n. (KUH); Mingora to Marghazar, Qaiser & Ghafoor 7394 (KUH); near Bara Gali, Kazmi 4714 (KUH); Barikot, Kazmi 5292 (KUH), S.I. Ali 20 (KUH); Mansera to Garhi Habibullah, Saood Omer et at. 560 (KUH); Abbotabad, Sultanul Abedin 2884, 2987 (KUH); Abbotabad to Mansera, Kamal & Qaiser 173 (KUH); Kashmir: Domed, Jhelum valley, 760 m, Ludlow & Sheriff 8067 (BM, E); near Muzaffarabad, Kazmi 5005 (KUH); C-6 Kurram: Malana, near Parachinar, Nazimuddin & Sultanul Abedin 1054 (KUH); Ali Khel, Aitchison 239, 840 (K); Peshawar: Cherat, SE Peshawar, Lomond 1570 (E), Rechinger 30248 (W); Kohat: Samana hills near Hangu, Kazmi & Salim 3274 (KUH); C-7 Rawalpindi: Murree hills, Saida Qureshi s.n. (KUH); Jafri & Ali 3021 (KUH); Sultanul Abedin 2814 (KUH), Kazmi 3111 (KUH); Kashmir: Lahar, E. & Y. Nasir 9841 (KUH); C-8 Kashmir: Poonch, Pirkot, Siddiqui 5359 (E); ?Kashmir: Kishtawar, 2100 m, Ludlow & Sheriff 9108 (BM, E); F-4 Larkana: Kirthar hills, c. 60 km from Seeta Goth to Kutti ji Kabar, Kamal Malik et al. 2458, 2449, 2457 (KUH).


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Low growing suffruticose herb, tufted or lax. Stems ascending-erect, unbranched, slender, 10-30 cm, glabrous, pubescent or hirsute with spreading or retrorse hairs. Leaves narrowly to broadly ovate, thickish-textured, entire, apically acute, 5-10 x 3-5 mm with a prominently thickened marginal vein extending all round the leaf, gland-dotted below with or without a sparse covering of short eglandular hairs, sessile or almost so, distant or almost imbricate. Verticillasters few-flowered, rather lax. Bracts small, linear. Pedicels erect-spreading, 1-3 mm. Calyx narrow tubular, 3-4 mm, prominently ribbed, with spreading eglandular hairs and with or without sessile oil globules; teeth slightly unequal, narrow triangular-linear, subulate, ciliate, up to 1.5 mm; tube bearded at throat. Corolla rose to mauve, 6-7 mm; upper lip emarginate; lower lip longer than upper. Stamens included; thecae glabrous, spreading, with a thickened connective. Nutlets 1 x 0.6 mm, brown, oblong, apically rounded, not trigonous.
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