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Published In: Species Plantarum 2: 597. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library
 

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Contributor Text: I.C. Hedge
Flower/Fruit: Fl. Per.: throughout the year.
Type: Type: Described from "India and Persia" (LINN 749/5 - microfiche!)
Distribution: Distribution: Subtropical and tropical Asia, Africa, SE Asia.
Comment/Acknowledgements: Widely cultivated. All the specimens cited above were either cultivated plants or were collected near cultivation. An account of some of the cultivated basds is given by Darrah (l.c.) who, inter alia, points out that "there is a large complex of varieties that cannot be identified with certainty as either Ocimum basilicum or Ocimum sanctum". A detailed account of the uses, chemical contents and local varieties of Ocimum basilicum can be found in Wealth of India, Raw Materials 7: 81. 1966.
Map Location: C-7 Rawalpindi: Rawalpindi, c. 500 m, Sadiq Masih 3358 (RAW); D-4 Quetta: Quetta, Qaiser & Ghafoor 4437 (KUH); G-3 Las Bela: Bela, Resthouse, Sultanul Abedin & Qaiser 7450 (KUH); G-4 Karachi: University Campus nursery, Qaiser s.n. (KUH); north Nazimabad, Saood Omer 471 (KUH).

 

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Very closely related to the previous species, but generally larger in all parts and less woody: leaves up to 5 x 2 cm, inflorescence often condensed and purplish, fruiting calyces 5-75 mm long, corolla white, purplish or violet, 7-9 mm long, and with nutlets 2 x 1.3 mm.
 
 
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