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Published In: Species Plantarum 2: 590. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Contributor Text: I.C. Hedge
Flower/Fruit: Fl. Per.: June to October.
Type: Type: Described from "Europe and Canada" (LINN 743/9 - microfiche!)
Distribution: Distribution: Macaronesia, S. Europe, Mediterranean countries, SW and C. Asia, along the Himalayan area to China and Taiwan.
Comment/Acknowledgements: Ietswaart (1982) recognized 2 subspecies from Pakistan, subsp. gracile (C. Koch) Ietswaart and subsp. viride (Boiss.) Hayek, based on density of the indumentum and punctate glands, bracts and flower colour. After studying the rather abundant material now available from Pakistan. I concluded that, at least in our area, these subspecies were untenable; and, because the variation was so great and continuous, even varietal rank was not merited. R. R. Stewart (Pak. Journ. For. 1957-58: 100) remarked that Origanum vulgare was one of the commonest mints on dry banks; and often was a pioneer on land slips.
Illustration: Origanum vulgare L. (Illustration)
Map Location: B-6 Chitral: Lowari pass, 2750 m, Siddiqi 27099 (E), Kazmi 6776 (KUH); Swat: Malakand, Kalam, Kazmi 5285, 3449 (KUH); Kalam, c. 2200 m, Rechinger 19465 (W); Shishi (Madaklasht), 2750 m, Bowes Lyon 150 (BM, E), Stainton 3148 (BM, E); 3 mm from Madaklasht to Drosh, Qaiser & Ghafoor 6826 (KUH); B-7 Swat: Du, Qazilbash 10269 (KUH), Sultanul Abedin 7065 (KUH); 3 km from Mingora to Kalam, Sultanul Abedin 8226 (KUH); Dir to Timargarh, Qaiser & Ghafoor 1740 (KUH); Kaghan valley, Kaghan, Kazmi 466 (KUH); Mingora, Ali s.n. (KUH); 3 km from Shangla to Saida, Qaiser & Ghafoor 4608 (KUH); Madian, Kazmi 9111 (KUH); Malakand, Pir Baba Sahib, Kazmi 5160 (KUH); Hazara: Hill territory, Hill, 1670 m, Burtt 1302 (E); Oghi to Battagram, Burtt 750 (E); Shogran, Sultanul Abedin & Qaiser 17 (KUH); Kala Bagh, Sultanul Abedin 7670 (KUH); Balakot to Mansehra, Kazmi 3673 (KUH); Murree hills, Patriata, Siddiqi & Y. Nasir 6055 (KUH); Naran to Saifulmulook, Kazmi 2163 (KUH); Naran, Kazmi 2310 (KUH); Durga Gali, Y. Nasir & Khan 9595 (KUH); Baragali: near Baragali, Kazmi 4891 (KUH); Malakand: near Chakdar, Sultanul Abedin 7754 (KUH); Malakand, 800 m, Lomond 1654 (E); Abbotabad: Abbotabad, Qazilbash 2038 (KUH). Kashmir: Muzaffarabad: Leepa valley, Leepa, Qaiser & Ghafoor 5037, 5122 (KUH); Bandapur, Wular Lak, 1600 m, Ludlow & Sheriff 7618 (BM,E); B-8 Kashmir: Khelanmarg, 3050 m, O. Polunin 56/151 (E), 56/188 (E); Zeji La, 3050 m, Ludlow & Sheriff 8036 (BM, E); Kootihar valley, 2000 m, Halcro Johnston K 18 (E), K 84 (E); Kostorkut, 11 km NW Vishensar, 3350 m, O. Polunin 56/712 (BM, E); Tehsil Bagh near Bagh, Kazmi 346 (KUH); C-7 Rawalpindi: Pirsohawa hills near Islamabad, 1220 m, Y. Nasir et al. 10639 (KUH); Margalla hills near Islamabad, Ghafoor 927 (KUH); Murree hills, 1830 m, Saida Qureshi s.n. (KUH).


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Rhizomatous aromatic perennial; roots fibrous. Stems several, often branched from base, c. 40 (-100) cm, thinly to densely pilose with adpressed or spreading hairs, or glabrous, leafy, purplish or green. Leaves simple, entire, ovate to narrow elliptic, 5-30 (-40) x 3-20 (-30) mm, gland-dotted, apex acute or obtuse, with scattered hairs or glabrous, leaf buds or young leaves usually in leaf axils; petiole to 20 mm. Inflorescence often much and regularly branched; branches rather slender. Verticillasters 2-flowered; spicules erect, 5-20 x c. 5 mm. Bracts 3-10 x 2-7 mm, imbricate, oblong-obovate to narrow oblong, pale green to purplish, glabrous and glaucous to pubescent, half as long to twice as long as calyces. Calyx 2-4 mm long, tubular, glabrous or with few or many spreading hairs, usually gland-dotted; teeth up to 1/2 length of tube. Corolla 5-10 mm, rose, purple or white. Anterior pair of stamens subexserted (in hermaphrodite flowers). Nutlets oblong, terete, c. 0.8-1 x 0.5 mm, dark or pale brown, minutely granulate.
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