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Published In: Species Plantarum 2: 599. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Contributor Text: I.C. Hedge & A. Paton
Flower/Fruit: Fl. Per.: July-September.
Type: Type: Europe (LINN 751/6!).
Distribution: Distribution: Temperate Eurasia, N. America (the only species of the genus to be found in both the Old and New Worlds).
Comment/Acknowledgements: A species of wet or irrigated places, characterized by the weakly crenulate leaves and the blue/violet-blue flowers borne in the leaf axils.
Map Location: D-8 Kashmir: Srinagar, 1600 m, Gammie s.n. (K); Dal Lake, 1670 m, R. R. Stewart 3359 (K); Nil Nag, R. R. Stewart 23052 (KUH, RAW); Kokarnag, 1600 m, O. Polunin 56/813 (BM, E); C-8 Kashmir: Islamabad, 1830 m, J. R. Drummond 13970 (E, K).


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Perennial herb with a slender creeping rhizome. Stems 20-60 cm, ascending or erect, acutely quadrangular, leafy, simple or branched with very short crisped retrorse eglandular white hairs. Leaves oblong-lanceolate, 7-45 x 3-15 mm, decreasing in size up the stem, weakly crenulate, sometimes revolute, cordate-truncate, acute, with a very short eglandular indumentum denser below, upper surface sometimes glabrous; lower leaves with a petiole up to 2 cm, upper sessile. Inflorescence lax, terminal; flowers secund, in axils of upper leaves. Pedicels 1-1.5 mm, erect-spreading, with very small basal scales, terete. Calyx 3-3.5 mm in flower, enlarging in fruit to 4.5 mm and with a 2 mm high scutellum, with a similar indumentum but denser to that of stem. Corolla blue to violet-blue with some white markings, 12-16 mm, densely pilose; tube 8-10 mm; lower lip glabrous. Nutlets prominently tuberculate, orange-brown, c. 1.5 x 1 mm.
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