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Published In: Diagnoses Plantarum Orientalium Novarum 7: 61. 1846. (Diagn. Pl. Orient.) Name publication detail

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Contributor Text: I.C. Hedge & A. Paton
Flower/Fruit: Fl. Per.: June-July.
Type: Holotype: [S Iran Fars]: Kuh Delu, Kotschy 526 (G). Isotypes (El, W).
Distribution: Distribution: Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan.
Comment/Acknowledgements: As the key to the species implies, the differences between Scutellaria multicaulis and Scutellaria edelbergii (and some other related species) are slight and often quantitative rather than qualitative. Scutellaria multicaulis is a very common plant in Afghanistan, but apparently less so in our area where the material available for study is less than ideal. Our account for species 8-10 is therefore provisional. We have regarded Scutellaria multicaulis as generally a rather stiffly erect plant and Scutellaria edelbergii as prostrate-ascending, but there are many specimens (in Afghanistan and Pakistan) which are not readily assignable to one or the other. Rechinger (l.c.) in an attempt to clarify a very complex problem recognized 3 intergrading subspecies in Scutellaria multicaulis and 4 in Scutellaria edelbergii. We have been unable to recognize these taxa in our area.
Illustration: Scutellaria multicaulis Boiss. (Illustration)
Map Location: A-6 Chitral: Arkari Gol, Arkari to Avir, c. 3000 m, Ghafoor & Omer 2832 (KUH); Tirich Mir, Zapotili, c. 3500 m, 9 vii 1950, Wendelbo (W); W of Tirich Mir, Shoghor Gol, 2900 m, Ghafoor & Omer 2911 (KUH); A-6/B-6 Chitral: Chitral to Shoghor, Ghafoor & Omer 2545 (KUH); Chitral: Mulkoh Gol, Nishko to Zindragram, 2000 m, Ghafoor & Omer 3261 (KUH); B-6 Chitral: Bombrait, 1830 m, Y. Nasir 5075 (E, RAW); Chitral, Ziarat,, Toppin 506 (K); Khoghozi, Schmid 2393 (type of S. edelbergii subsp. chitralensis) (W); B-7 Swat: Kalam, Ghafoor & Omer 3372 (KUH); C-6 Kurram: distr. Hariab, c. 2300 m, Aitchison 537 (KUH); C-7 Kashmir: Rawalakot to Bagh, Tahir Ali et al. 329 (KUH); D-4 Quetta: Murdar range, Sinclair s.n. (E); Hanna valley, Lace 3771 (E).


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Perennial tufted, suffruticose herb with a thick woody rootstock. Stems 8-30 cm, erect, slender, round-quadrangular, much branched; indumentum of short dense eglandular, weakly retrorse hairs, becoming longer, patent and glandular above. Leaves thick-textured, narrow ovate or ovate, 3-14 x 1.5-9 mm, crenate to strongly crenate, cuneate, acute; indumentum of dense short eglandular and rarely glandular hairs, adaxial surface with numerous sessile glands. Petioles to 8 mm; upper leaves sessile. Inflorescence 4-sided, lax, rarely condensed, terminal; flowers subtended by the elliptic 5-6 x 2-3 mm bracts, which are entire or subentire, cuneate, acute, purplish or not, not or scarcely overlapping, cucullate, thin-textured, densely glandular and eglandular ciliate or pilose. Pedicels 2.5-3.5 mm, ± erect, ± flattened. Calyx c. 1.5 mm, with a small, usually purple scutellum, enlarging in fruit to 3 mm with a 2 mm high scutellum; indumentum similar to inflorescence axis. Corolla 18-23 mm, white, yellow with purple lips, or dark purple, spreading-erect or erect, densely glandular and eglandular pilose; tube 13-17 mm. Nutlets smooth, covered with adpressed hairs, grey-black, c. 1.5 x 1 mm.
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