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Published In: Symbolae Sinicae 7(4): 916–917. 1936. (Symb. Sin.) Name publication detailView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Contributor Text: I.C. Hedge
Flower/Fruit: Fl. Per.: June-August.
Type: Type: [NW India, Garwhal] Siranagur [Srinagar], Kamroop.
Distribution: Distribution: Afghanistan, Pakistan, Kashmir, NW India, Himalayas to Nepal, SW China.
Comment/Acknowledgements: Growing in a variety of habitats: open slopes, in forest areas, wet places. In some localities a very common plant, variable in size, leaf dimensions and flower colour, but recognized by the petiolate leaves, at least below, the generally sparse indumentum, the large outer bracts and the oblong congested spikes.
Illustration: Nepeta laevigata (D. Don) Hand.-Mazz. (Illustration)
Map Location: A-7 Chitral: Madaklasht, Toppin 518 (K); B-8 Chitral: Lowari to Ziarat, Siddiqi & Rehman s.n. (RAW); B-7 Swat: Utror, 2500 m, Rechinger 19542 (E, W), E. Nasir & Zafar Ali 4041 (RAW); Ushu, 2400 m, Rechinger 19492 (W); Kalam, 2200 m, Rechinger 19394 (W), R. R. Stewart 24573 (RAW), Kazmi 3490 (PES); Hazara: Dadar, Y. Nasir 6123 (RAW); Saifulmuluk, Shaukat Ali 64 (RAW); Naran, 2350 m, Burtt 890 (E), Muqarrab Shah & Jamshed 123 (E); Dunga Gali, Kazmi 573 (PES); Changla Cali, R. R. Stewart 23533 (K); Muzaffarabad: Leepa village, Qaiser & Ghafoor 4993 (KUH); Leepa valley Qaiser & Ghafoor 5062 (KUH); B-8 Kashmir: Wangat Nullah, Nara Nag, 2280 m, O. Polunin 56/765 (BM, E); above Pahlgam, 2560 m, O. Polunin 56/463 (BM, E), R. R. Stewart 5739 (K), 12740 (RAW); Sonamarg, Duthie 13649 (E), R. R. Stewart 7369 (K); Khelanmarg, 3100 m, Venning K. 104 (K); C-6 Kurram: Parachinar, Mahai, Siddigi & E. Nasir 4320 (RAW); C-8 Kashmir: Poonch, Hajira, Pir Kot, Siddiqi 29064 (E, RAW).


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Perennial herb. Stems erect, 30-80 cm, usually branched, quadrangular, glabrous to minutely pilose with retrorse eglandular hairs, sometimes densely pilose-villous below inflorescence axis, leafy. Leaves green, triangular-ovate to elliptic, 30-60 x 20-30 mm, regularly crenate to senate, broad truncate to cordate, acute, abaxially with a thin indumentum of short eglandular hairs and with sessile oil globules; petiole up to 4 cm on lowermost leaves, decreasing above. Inflorescence of mainly terminal continuous congested oblong spikes up to 8 x 2 cm, subtended by small uppermost stem leaves. Outer bracts up to 4 mm broad, often purplish and showy, sometimes yellowish, broad ovate or trullate, long attenuate; innermost bracts linear-filiform as long as calyx. Calyx 6-8 mm, slender, tubular, almost glabrous to finely glandular-papillose, with or without oil globules; throat slightly oblique, villous within; teeth unequal, linear triangular, aristate, as long as tube. Corolla mauve to lilac-blue or white, 12-14 mm; tube exserted, curved; upper lip ± straight; lower lip shorter than upper. Nutlets (few seen) 1.3 x 0.9 mm, brown, broad oblong, rounded, minutely granular, matt with a transverse basal areole.
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