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Published In: Centuria I. Plantarum ... 15–16. 1755. (19 Feb 1755) (Cent. Pl. I) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Contributor Text: I.C. Hedge
Flower/Fruit: Fl. Per.: ± throughout the year.
Type: Type: "Habitat in America, Miller" (LINN 749/9 - microfiche!)
Distribution: Distribution: Tropical Africa, Arabia, Pakistan, Kashmir, Himalayas to Nepal, Sri Lanka, Malaysia.
Comment/Acknowledgements: The differences between this and the following species appear to be slight and more of quantity than kind; revisionary studies are required. Ocimum americanum may be the wild progenitor of Ocimum basilicum.
Map Location: B-6 Peshawar: Forest Institute, ann. 1977, Khan Bahadar s.n. (KUH); B-8 Kashmir: Srinagar, Schlagintweit 754 (KUH); 8 km Sakesar to Aam Sharif, Kamal Malik 1344 (KUH); Campbellpur: Attack distr., Khairi Murrat, R.R. Stewart & E. Nasir 27906 (RAW, E); C-8 Sialkot: Pasrur, R.R. Stewart 612 (RAW); Kashmir: Poonch,, Raikot, R. R. Stewart s.n. (RAW); G-2 Makran: Gaish Haur, Sultanul Abedin 5983 (KUH); G-4 Dadu: Jabel Kanbu, Mamani Nullah, Qaiser et al. 7217 (KUH); Kirther Jabel, Qaiser el al. 7174 (KUH); G-6 Tharparker: Nagar Parker, Qaiser & Ghafoor 4021 (E, KUH), 3947 (KUH).


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Perennial, much branched, 30-60 cm. Stems with simple, retrorse or spreading, white, eglandular hairs. Leaves elliptic to ovate, 3-3 x 1-1.5 cm, subentire or finely crenulate above, acute, cuneale, glabrescent or sparsely pilose, gland-dotted on both surfaces; petiole 1-2 cm. Verticillasters 5-16, clearly separated or contiguous above, 6-10-flowered. Bracts 2-3 mm. Calyx c. 2.5 mm in flower, 4-5.5 mm long in fruit; indumentum in flower of long white eglandular hairs mainly at base of calyx, glabrescent; tube villous within; fruiting pedicels c. 3.5 mm, erect-adpressed to axis, apically reflexed. Corolla white, c. 5 mm, pilose. Stamens exserted, glabrous or pilose, toothed at base or not. Nutlets c. 1.5 x 0.8- 1.3 mm, narrow oblong, dark brown or black, densely white mucilaginous on wetting.
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