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Published In: Die Natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien 4(2): 186. 1895. (Nat. Pflanzenfam.) Name publication detailView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Flower/Fruit: Fl. Per.: December-April.
Type: Type: Discribed from Cochin China.
Distribution: Distribution: Native in India, Burma, Ceylon and Kashmir commonly cultivated in the plains in Pakistan.
Comment/Acknowledgements: The bark is chewed for fixing teeth. The latex is of medicinal importance and is applied in sores and wounds.
Map Location: C-7 The Mall, Rawalpindi, twining shrub. M. A. Siddiqi s. n. (RAW), Murree, Dr. S.L Ali 667 (KUH); University Campus Nursery, 26.1.1978 Saida Qaiser & S. Nazimuddin (KUH); G-4 Karachi Dist.: Gandhi Garden, Karachi, flower whitish yellow 25.2.71 Yasin Nasir s.n. (RAW); Adamjee Nagar, Karachi, climber, cultivated, flower greenish white 25.3.1959 Saida Qureshi, Zaib & Nuzhat s.n. (KUH).


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Bark smooth, yellowish-white covered with grey lenticlse; stem with milky latex. Leaves 5-12 x 2.5 cm, elliptic oblong lanceolate, acute or acuminate, cuneate at the base, glabrous; petiole 1-1.5 cm long. Infloresence axillary of 3-many flowered lax cyme; peduncle short, glabrous or pubescent. Flower white, fragrant, c. 1.5 cm across, bracts linear, or lanceolate, acute, pubescent. Pedicel slender, pubescent, upto to 1 cm, mostly recurved. Calyx pubescent tube short, lobes c. 2.5 mm long, acuminate or acute. Corolla-tube narrow, cylinderical, 4-5 mm long, hairy within, pubescent outside, lobes orbicular or obovate, obtuse, 6-8 x 6-10 mm. Stamens included, inserted at the mouth of the tube, anther united to form a sharp cone-like structure, c. 2 mm long, connective horse-shoe shaped. Disc lobes ciliate, ovary hairy, stigma subulate. Fruit somewhat beaked, 10-15 x 3-5 cm.
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