Home Flora of Pakistan
Home
Name Search
Families
Genera
Species
District Map
Grid Map
Inventory Project
Fritillaria imperialis L. Search in The Plant ListSearch in IPNISearch in Australian Plant Name IndexSearch in NYBG Virtual HerbariumSearch in Muséum national d'Histoire naturelleSearch in Type Specimen Register of the U.S. National HerbariumSearch in Virtual Herbaria AustriaSearch in JSTOR Plant ScienceSearch in SEINetSearch in African Plants Database at Geneva Botanical GardenAfrican Plants, Senckenberg Photo GallerySearch in Flora do Brasil 2020Search in Reflora - Virtual HerbariumSearch in Living Collections Decrease font Increase font Restore font
 

Published In: Species Plantarum 1: 303. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library
 

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Contributor Text: S.I. Ali
Flower/Fruit: Fl.Per.: April-June
Type: Type: Described from cultivated material. In Persia? Constantinopoli venit in Europam c. 1570, Herb. Linn 421/1 (LINN) (Rix in P. H.Davis, Fl. Turk. 8: 286. 1984).
Distribution: Distribution: Turkey (Anatolia), N. Iraq, Afghanistan, Pakistan and Kashmir.
Comment/Acknowledgements: 2n = 24 (Koul, A. K. & Wafai, B. A. in Cytologia 45: 675-682. 1980.)

Beautiful ornamental plant.

Fresh bulbs poisonous but edible after cooking (Ambasta et al., Useful Plants of India: 228. 1986). They contain steroidal alkaloids; used as analgesic, expectorant and in treatment of fever and tumours (Ben-Erik van Wyk, Medicinal Plants of the World: 410. 2004).

Map Location: B-8 Liddar valley, Gorasuala, 19.5.1901, Inayat 25759a (K); Banahal valley, 8.4.1848, T. Thomson (K); Chenab valley, Purti, 25.4.1881, Ellis 1062 (K); Liddar valley, below Pahalgam, 5500 ft, on steep rocky slopes, flowers pink-red. A much bigger form is grown on Muslim graves and in gardens. Most recorded localities are not far from valleys (villages) and I wonder if this species is truly wild, 17.4.1983, J. D. A. Stainton 8682 (BM); Kashmir, half way to Bannihal Pass, common sides of road, growing among the rocks, 28.4.1940, P. M. Pinfold 54 (BM); C-7 Bagh Tehsil, April 1952, Jan Mohammad 23757 (RAW); C-8 Taulipir, 7-8000 ft, Poonch, 21.4.1953, A. Rashid, E. Nasir & R. R. Stewart 24615 (RAW).

 

Export To PDF Export To Word
Foetid robust herbs. Bulb 4-5 (-8) x 4-5-(8) cm; bulbils or stolons absent, scales with scarious margins, inner fleshy, outer coriaceous. Stem 40-100 x 1-2.5 cm. Leaves in 3-4 whorls, 4-8 in each whorl, sessile, 7-18 x (1.5) 5-10 cm. Bracts 6-12 x 0.5-1.5 cm in groups of (5) 10-12 (-20). Peduncle 13-18 cm long. Flowers (1)-3-5 in umbel, cupular or broadly campanulate, orange, red. Pedicel 2.5-5.0 cm, nodding in flowers. Tepals 4-5.5 (-7) x 1.5-3.0 cm, oblanceolate, obovate. Nectaries white, ± circular, 4-5-(8) mm in diameter. Filaments 2.5-5 cm, glabrous, anthers 7-12 mm, attached to filament c. 1.0 mm from the base. Ovary stipitate, 6-11 x 1-4 mm, style (1.5)-3-4.5 cm, trisulcate, exserted, stigma 2-5 mm broad, tripartite, papillose towards apex. Capsule stalk (elongated pedicel) 6-11 cm long, stipe 0.5-1.5 cm; capsule 3-5 x 2-5 cm, oblong, wings c. 2 mm broad. Seeds 5-9 x 3-4 mm, dark brown, oblong, fleshy, winged.
 
 
© 2023 Missouri Botanical Garden - 4344 Shaw Boulevard - Saint Louis, Missouri 63110