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Published In: Species Plantarum 1: 303. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Contributor Text: S.I. Ali
Flower/Fruit: Fl.Per.: April-June
Type: Type: Described from cultivated material. In Persia? Constantinopoli venit in Europam c. 1570, Herb. Linn 421/1 (LINN) (Rix in P. H.Davis, Fl. Turk. 8: 286. 1984).
Distribution: Distribution: Turkey (Anatolia), N. Iraq, Afghanistan, Pakistan and Kashmir.
Comment/Acknowledgements: 2n = 24 (Koul, A. K. & Wafai, B. A. in Cytologia 45: 675-682. 1980.)

Beautiful ornamental plant.

Fresh bulbs poisonous but edible after cooking (Ambasta et al., Useful Plants of India: 228. 1986). They contain steroidal alkaloids; used as analgesic, expectorant and in treatment of fever and tumours (Ben-Erik van Wyk, Medicinal Plants of the World: 410. 2004).

Map Location: B-8 Liddar valley, Gorasuala, 19.5.1901, Inayat 25759a (K); Banahal valley, 8.4.1848, T. Thomson (K); Chenab valley, Purti, 25.4.1881, Ellis 1062 (K); Liddar valley, below Pahalgam, 5500 ft, on steep rocky slopes, flowers pink-red. A much bigger form is grown on Muslim graves and in gardens. Most recorded localities are not far from valleys (villages) and I wonder if this species is truly wild, 17.4.1983, J. D. A. Stainton 8682 (BM); Kashmir, half way to Bannihal Pass, common sides of road, growing among the rocks, 28.4.1940, P. M. Pinfold 54 (BM); C-7 Bagh Tehsil, April 1952, Jan Mohammad 23757 (RAW); C-8 Taulipir, 7-8000 ft, Poonch, 21.4.1953, A. Rashid, E. Nasir & R. R. Stewart 24615 (RAW).


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Foetid robust herbs. Bulb 4-5 (-8) x 4-5-(8) cm; bulbils or stolons absent, scales with scarious margins, inner fleshy, outer coriaceous. Stem 40-100 x 1-2.5 cm. Leaves in 3-4 whorls, 4-8 in each whorl, sessile, 7-18 x (1.5) 5-10 cm. Bracts 6-12 x 0.5-1.5 cm in groups of (5) 10-12 (-20). Peduncle 13-18 cm long. Flowers (1)-3-5 in umbel, cupular or broadly campanulate, orange, red. Pedicel 2.5-5.0 cm, nodding in flowers. Tepals 4-5.5 (-7) x 1.5-3.0 cm, oblanceolate, obovate. Nectaries white, ± circular, 4-5-(8) mm in diameter. Filaments 2.5-5 cm, glabrous, anthers 7-12 mm, attached to filament c. 1.0 mm from the base. Ovary stipitate, 6-11 x 1-4 mm, style (1.5)-3-4.5 cm, trisulcate, exserted, stigma 2-5 mm broad, tripartite, papillose towards apex. Capsule stalk (elongated pedicel) 6-11 cm long, stipe 0.5-1.5 cm; capsule 3-5 x 2-5 cm, oblong, wings c. 2 mm broad. Seeds 5-9 x 3-4 mm, dark brown, oblong, fleshy, winged.
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