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Published In: Journal of the Linnean Society, Botany 15: 283. 1877. (J. Linn. Soc., Bot.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Contributor Text: S. I. ALI
Flower/Fruit: Fl.Per.: May-September.
Type: Syntypes: “Regno temperate Himalaya occidentalis. (Lahul, Kunawar etc., alt. 7000-10000 pedum), Thomson! Royle! Jacquemont 558! Falconer 1089! Jaeschke 85! Kashgar, Bellow!”
Distribution: Distribution: Afghanistan, Pakistan (Chitral, Hazara), Kashmir, Tajikistan,India (Himachal Pradesh), 8-11000 ft.
Comment/Acknowledgements: The leaves are used as vegetable. It has also been introduced into Europe and America where it is widely cultivated as an ornamental plant.

Wendelbo (l.c.) recognized Eremurus himalaicus Baker and Eremurus aitchisonii Baker as two distinct species. In the two separate keys for flowering and fruiting material, he has used the tepal colour, the capsule diameter, size of the seed wing and breadth of the leaves. In Eremurus himalaicus the tepal colour is stated to be white, whereas in Eremurus aitchisonii it is stated to be pink or rose coloured. Unfortunately the flower colour, in most of the cases is not mentioned on the labels. In Eremurus himalaica, the capsule is stated to be c. 14 mm in diameter, the seeds are narrowly winged and the leaves are 15-45 mm broad, whereas, in Eremurus aitchisonii the capsule is 15-20 mm in diameter. Seeds are widely winged and the leaves may be as broad as 80 mm. As the capsule is not present in most of the cases and even when it is present, there is hardly any discontinuity between 14 and 15 mm. Likewise the seeds are rare to find and in the absence of any measurements, it is not possible to resolve whether the seeds are narrowly winged or widely winged. The breadth of the leaves is also not a reliable character. While collecting the material generally one picks up the material of a manageable size, rather than the specimen with the broadest leaf.

Map Location: B-6 Chitral, Shigar-Aviret, 4000 ft, steep well drained hillside, very striking, 5 ft. tall, pale yellow, 30.5.1958, S. A. Bowes Lyon 757 (BM); Chitral, Fuger to Ziarat, 8-10,000 ft, 18.5.1896, Harriss 16714 (BM); Chitral, Lowari Pass, c. 10,000 ft, abundant on slopes, June, S. M. Toppin 409 (K); Chitral, Ziarat, Lowari Pass, 9500 ft, on open slopes, height 4 ft, petals and filaments white, with orange brown line down outside of petals, 2.6.1958, J. D. A. Stainton 2567 (BM); Chatt, Chitral Gol, 3000 m,10.7.1977, Hakim Khan s.n. (RAW); B-7 Nathia, May 1907, Sir Harold Deane 1071 (K); Road to Saifulmaluk, ± 9200 ft, above Naran, on steep hillsides, flowers yellow, 6.6.1980, Yasin J. Nasir 9156 (RAW); Hazara, Naran, 8-9000 ft, high open hillsides, 2.7.1957, Altaf Shah 29079 (E); Hazara, Kaghan valley, 1.5 m N. of Naran, c. 8000 ft, dry rocky hillside facing west, white petals, greenish yellow base, orange anthers, root with discoid tuber in which fleshy yellow roots arise. Leaves about 12, the innermost narrower, spike to 6 ft, 24.6.1958, S. M. Arshad Ali B853 (E); Hazara, Kagan valley, 7300 ft, 18.5.1896, Inayat 20210 (K); Kagan, Kamalban, 10,000 ft, J. F. Duthie 22618 (K); Mountain E. of Kalam, c. 10,000 ft, fairly common in open places, 30.6.1974, Y. Nasir & E. J. Ecker 7501 (RAW); Swat, Utrot, 9-10,000 ft, 21.7.1953, R. R. Stewart & A. Rahman s.n. (RAW); B-8 Kashmir, Lidder, dry slopes above Tannin, 11000 ft, 13.7.1902, J. R. Drummond 14306 (K); Kashmir, Gurais Pass, 12,000 ft, 21 June 1847, J. E. Winterbottom 513 (K); Sind valley, Sonamarg, 8,500 ft, 28.7.1891, G. A. Gammie s.n. (K); Dras valley, Machhni, 22.6.1901, Inayat 25762 (K); Tragbol, 10,400 ft, 20.7.1876, C. B. Clarke 29315 (K); Ladakh, between Zoji La and Drass, 3300 m, flowers white with yellow center, 2.7.1976, F. Billiet et J. Leonard 6762 (K); Kashmir, Ladak, Dras, 10,500 ft, cliffs and grassy maidans, flowers cream, 31.5.1941, Ludlow & Sherriff 8332 (BM); Kashmir, Liddar valley, Pahlgam, 8500 ft, rock faces, flowers creamy white, 5.6.1939, F. Ludlow 68 (BM); Tragbol, 10400 ft, 2.7.1876, C. B. Clarke 29315 (BM) Gulmarg, 8-9000 ft, 23.6.1893, J. F. Duthie 13018 (BM); E. Lidder valley, Phryslen-Chandawara, 3.6.1971, Mrs. Shulman in NKB Robson 1961 (BM); Cachemire: entre Rattu et Gurikot, pâturages secs., 2500-2800 m, 25.5.1954, F. Schmid 1760 (RAW); Astore, on way to Minimerghe, 15 km from Burzil Pass, 3500 m, common, moist open sunny places, perennial herb, 70-90 cm tall, fls. white, basal leaves rosette-like, up to 30-35 cm, spike up to 30-40 cm, 6.8.2003, Sher Wali Khan et al. 455 (KUH).


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Plant 75-100 cm tall. Roots fleshy. Leaf 30-60 cm long, 1.5-4.5 (-6) cm broad, glabrous, margin scabrid. Scape 30-80 cm long, raceme dense. Bract 8-10 mm, linear, hyaline, broader at the base, ciliate. Pedicel up to 30 mm long, spreading outside. Tepals 17-20 mm long, 1-nerved, white, yellowish in dry condition. Capsule c. 14 mm in diameter, globose. Seeds black, narrowly winged.
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