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Project Name Data (Last Modified On 12/18/2012)

Flora Data (Last Modified On 12/18/2012)
Species CUPHEA CALOPHYLLA Cham. & Schlechtd.
PlaceOfPublication Linnaea 2:361. 1827.
Synonym Cuphea plumbaginea Mart. in Flora Beibl. 212:62. 1 8 3 8. Cuphea antisyphilitica acc. to Seemann, Bot. Voy. Herald, 121. 1852-57, not HBK. Cuphea orthodisca Koehne, in Mart. Fl. Bras. 13 2:224. 1877. Cuphea inicrostyla Koehne, loc. cit. 1877. Cuphea calophylla var. calophylla Koehne, in Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 2:13 8. 188 1. Cuphea calophylla var. calophylla forma deformis Koehne, loc. cit. 1881. Cuphea calophylla var. orthodisca Koehne, loc. cit. 1881. Cuphea calophylla var. microstyla Koehne, loc. cit. 139. 1881. Cuphea calophylla var. calophylla forma breuningii Koehne, in Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 29:156. 1900. Cuphea calophylla var. calophylla forma plusnbaginea (Mart.) Koehne, in Engl. Pflanzenr. 4:116. 1903. Parsonsia calophylla Standl. in Contrib. U. S. Natl. Herb. 23:1018. 1924.
Description Erect or sprawling herbs to 5.5 dm. tall, rhizomatous, the branches wooly interspersed with occasional large red hairs, scabrous. Leaves lanceolate to elliptic- lanceolate, acute at the apex, obtuse at the base, 0.8-4.0 cm. long, 0.1-2.0 cm. wide, reduced toward the apex, above glabrous to puberulous and strigose, beneath strigose and scabrous, margin minutely ciliate, primary lateral veins slightly arcuate; petiole 1-5 mm. long. Cymes gathered into terminal foliate racemiform or panicu- liform clusters, the flowers alternately interpetiolar, solitary; peduncle 3.5-7.0 mm. long; pedicel about 0.25 mm. long; bracteoles 2, minute. Hypanthium sub- ampullaceous, 4-7 mm. long, median diameter about 1.25 mm., transverse at the orifice, gibbous at the base, white puberulent with interspersed red hairs. Petals 6, 2.5-3.0 mm. long, 1.5-2.0 mm. wide, violet. Stamens 11, the anterior 9 alter- nately unequal, included, the filaments densely villous; disc unilateral, not reflexed. Ovary broadly ovoid, 1.5-3.0 mm. long, greatly elongating in fruit, glabrous; style 1.0-1.5 mm. long, glabrous or villous, included, becoming exserted in fruit. Seeds 5-9, suborbicular, 1.0-1.8 mm. long, 1.0-1.5 mm. wide, emarginate.
Habit herbs
Distribution Central America, Brazil.
Specimen CANAL ZONE: Chagres, Fendler III, 223; between Chagres Batteries and Fort San Lorenzo, Fort Sherman Military Reservation, Maxon d Valentine 7025; rocky banks of Chagres at El Vigia, Pittier 2376, 2377; drowned forest of Quebrada below Rio Indio Hydrographic Station, 70 m., Steyermark I7396; forest between Peluca Hydrographic Station and Quebrada Peluca, along Rio Boqueron, 70- m., Steyermark d Allen I7231; around Gamboa, alt. 20-100 m., Pittier 4794; along the old Las Cruces Trail, between Fort Clayton and Corozal, Standley 29085; vicinity of Monkey Hill, Cowell 30; Cocoli, Riley I29; Balboa, Standley 29257, 25455; Ancon Hill, Standley 25I93, KilliP 3040, Johansen 26; Cerro Ancon, Bro. Heriberto I27; Mount Hope Cemetery, Standley 28764; Juan Minas, Piper 5704. cocLE#: Penonome and vicinity, 50-1000 ft. elev., Williams i5o. COLON: between France Field and Catival, Standley 304I7. DARIEN: headwaters Rio Chico, 500- 750 ft., Allen 46ii. PANAMA: forests of the upper Mamoni River, alt. 150-400 m., Pittier 448I; Orange River Valley, vicinity of Juan Diaz, Killip 3330.
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