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Project Name Data (Last Modified On 10/15/2013)

Flora Data (Last Modified On 10/15/2013)
Species Malpighia albiflora (Cuatr.) Cuatr.
PlaceOfPublication Phytologia 40(1): 36. 1978.
Synonym Stigmaphyllon albiflorum Cuatr., Ciencia (Mex.) 23(4): 139. fig. 1: H, I, J. 1964. TYPE: Colombia: Antioquia; Hoya del Rio Le6n o Bacuba, from Villa Arteaga to Chigorod6: Rio Porroso: Rio Pradera, ca. 90 m alt. Cuatrecasas & Willard 26181. Malpighia oxycocca auct., non Griseb. Malpighia biflora auct., non Poir.
Description Erect shrub 1-2 m tall or tree to 8 m tall., young branches green or sometimes reddish, strigillose. Leaves membranaceous to subchartaceous, elliptic to elliptic- lanceolate, acuminate at apex, acute at base, (2.5-)4.5-9(-1 1) cm long, (2-)2.5- 3.5(-4.5) cm wide, upon drying appearing somewhat crinkled or puckered above; petioles slender or somewhat swollen, somewhat strigillose like the young branch- es or glabrous, 1.5-2.5(-4) mm long; stipules free, reddish, strigillose or glabrous, linear-lanceolate-, (1-)1.5(-2) mm long. Inflorescence erect, green, rarely reddish, pedunculate, 4-6-flowered umbel-like panicle (1.5-)2-3(-3.5) cm long, the com- mon peduncle minutely strigillose, 3-12(-18) mm long; flowering peduncles usu- ally glabrous, (2-)4-6(-8) mm long, bracts ca. 1.5 mm long; bracteoles ca. 1 mm long, pedicels glabrous, (7-)8-11(-12) mm long, about 2 times as long as the flowering peduncles, small T-shaped bristles at the tip, forming a collar below the sepals. Flowers ca. 1.5 cm diam.; buds 3.5-4 mm diam., unkeeled; sepals strigil- lose, glands 6, 1.5-2.5(-3) mm long, 2/33/4 as long as the sepals, posterior glands usually larger than the others; posterior petal ca. 9 mm long, lateral petals ca. 8 mm long, anterior petals ca. 6.5 mm long; androecium zygomorphic; filaments ca. 2-3 mm long, lateral filaments obviously longer and thicker than the others, curved inwards over the styles at anthesis, lateral anthers oblong, ca. 1.5 mm long, larger than the others; pollination gap ca. 1 mm long; gynoecium zygomor- phic; styles slightly uncinate at apex, lateral styles ca. 2 mm long, obviously longer and thicker than the anterior, curved inwards at anthesis, anterior style straight, thin; ovary obviously 3-lobed, carpels free at upper half. Fruit 1.5-2 cm long; carpels usually free from each other for most of their length; pyrenes oblong, (12-)15(-18) mm long, (7-)8-10(-12) mm wide, prominently winged; lateral and dorsal wings entire, sharp, (2-)3-5 mm wide, dorsal wing more prolonged at the apex than the lateral ones and free from them, all wings rounded at apex; inter- mediate wings present, short, thick tuberculate.
Habit shrub
Note Malpighia albiflora grows in wet forests
Elevation up to 1,500 m.
Distribution collected from Costa Rica to Colombia.
Note In Panama it occurs in premontane wet forest, tropical wet forest and lower montane rain forest.
Specimen CHIRIQUf: Fortuna, 1000 m, Folsom & Dressler 5256 (MO). Quebrada Hondo toward summit on Chiriqui Trail, Kirkbride & Duke 910 (MO). COL6N: Rio Guanche 3-5 mi inland, 10-100 m, Croat 26235 (CAS, MO, US). Sta. Rita Ridge Road 8.5 mi above highway, Mori & Kallunki 2098 (MO). DARIEN: Serrania del Darien, Gentry & Mori 13534 (BH, F, MICH, MO, PMA, US). PANAMA: Cerro Jefe, Foster 1823 (PMA). VERAGUAS: Valley of Rio Dos Bocas between Escuela Agricola and Calov&- bora 16.5 km NW of Santa Fe, Croat 27675 (CR, F, MICH, MO, NY). Base of Cerro Tute, 6.5 km outside Santa Fe, Folsom 3039 (MO). 8.8 km from Escuela Agricola Alto de Piedra on Santa F&- Calovebora Road, Mori & Kallunki 3232 (BH, MO, PMA, US).
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