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Published In: Species Plantarum 1: 384–385. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Flower/Fruit: Fl. Per. March-April.
Type: Type: Herb. Hermann, Vol. 1: fol. 10. (BM).
Distribution: Distribution: Wild in W. Himalaya, up to 1700m. Cultivated and naturaliz¬ed in parts of Iran, China, Burma, Turkey, India & W. Pakistan.
Comment/Acknowledgements: “Persian Lilac” is a fast growing tree of the plains and foot-hills, cultivated along road-sides and in villages. The fruit is eaten by goats and sheep, and the stony endocarps are used as beads.
Illustration: Melia azedarach L. (Illustration)
Map Location: C-7 Rawalpindi Dist.: Tret, 1000 m, S.M. Kazmi, 160-3 (KUH) ; C-8 Kashmir: Kotli, c. 1160 m. cult. R. Khan 27372 (RAW) ; D-4 Baluchistan : Harnai, cult. M. Nath 2407 (RAW); G-4 Karachi Dist.: Malir, Mohd A. Moid, s.n., 1962 (KUH); Nazimabad, Sharif Jamal, s.n., 1st. Jan. 1962 (KUH); Karachi, Univer¬sity Campus, S.A. Hydari, s.n. 5th Feb, 1964 (KUH); M. Faheemuddin, s.n., 7th Feb. 1963 (KUH).


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Tree, up to 12 m tall; young shoots tomentose. Leaves 2-(3)-pinnate, up to 60 cm long; leaflets opposite, elliptic, 2.5-5 cm long, 5-19 mm broad, serrate to sub-serrate, acuminate, often oblique, sub-sessile. Flowers lilac, sweet-scented, in axillary panicles; pedicel 2-3 mm long, puberulous. Calyx 5-6-lobed; lobes c. 2 mm long, acute, pubescent. Petals 7-9 mm long, spathulate to lanceolate, ciliate, imbricate in bud. Staminal tube 6-7 mm long, cylindrical, expanded at the base and apex, 10-striate, with 20 teeth at the apex; anthers sessile, 1 bet¬ween each pair of teeth. Disc glabrous, fused with the ovary base. Ovary usually 5-locular; style 4-5 mm long; stigma capitate. Drupe 1.5-2 cm long, globose, 3-6-seeded, yellow when ripe.
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