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Project Name Data (Last Modified On 12/19/2012)
 

Flora Data (Last Modified On 12/19/2012)
Species EUGENIA UNIFLORA L.
PlaceOfPublication Sp. P1. 470. 1753.
Synonym Eugenia michelii Lam. Encycl. 3:203. 1789. Stenocalyx michelii (Lam.) Berg, in Linnaea 27:3 10. 1856.
Description Shrubs or small trees 3-10 m. high. Leaves ovate to ovate-lanceolate, shortly acuminate, obtuse to rounded or subcordate at the base, 2.5-6.0 cm. long and 1.5- 3.5 cm. broad, chartaceous, glabrous, lateral nerves prominulous on both sides, arcuate-anastomosing at about 3 mm. within the margin, the veins laxly reticulate; petiole about 2 mm. long. Flowers solitary in the axils of bracts at the base of young shoots or sometimes in fascicles of 4-8; bracts scarious, up to 5 mm. long. Pedicels slender, glabrous, 1.5-2.0 cm. long. Sepals oblong, ciliate, up to 4 mm. long, glabrous. Petals obovate, unguiculate, 8-12 mm. long. Ovary glabrous, 8-ribbed, 2-celled; cells several (10-14-) ovulate; placenta peltate, thickened in the middle. Berry depressed-globose, 8-ribbed, 1-seeded, 2.5-3.0 cm. in diameter, red, edible. Cotyledons partly free.
Habit Shrubs or small trees
Distribution Cultivated in the tropics and subtropics, native of tropical America.
Note The fruits are edible, sweet, aromatic and of excellent flavor. The shrubs are especially well-adapted to cultivation as a hedge plant (Standley). Vernacular name: Surinam Cherry.
Common Surinam Cherry
Specimen CANAL ZONE: Barro Colorado Island, Shattuck 7I.
 
 
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