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Published In: Species Plantarum 6. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Flower/Fruit: Fl. Per.: August-October. Fruit: cold season.
Type: Type: “Habitat in India”.
Distribution: Distribution: Central India and Sub-Himalayan tract, 300—1000 m. Cultivated since ancient times; naturalised in several places, especially in lower foothills of Hazara, Rawalpindi Dist. and Mardan Dist., etc.; common from the Ravi eastwards.
Comment/Acknowledgements: Grown for its fragrant flowers. Leaves are used for polishing wood and in country medicine as a febrifuge. From the corolla tube an orange dye is extracted.
Map Location: C-7 Campbellpur Dist.: Campbellpur, Miss Zarina (RAW); D-8 Lahore, R.R. Stewart 831 (RAW); B-7 NWFP: Ghora Daka, 4500 ft., Sarup Singh, s.n., September, 1937 (RAW) ; G-4 Karachi, Gandhi Garden, Saida Qureshi, s.n. (KUH).


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Trees up to 10 m high. Branches quadrangular; bark grey or greyish-green. Leaves up to 10 cm long and 5 cm broad, coriaceous, covered with stiff white hairs ; petiole up to 1 cm long. Flowers fragrant, in 3-7 flowered pedunculate heads. Corolla tube c. 1 cm long, orange red; lobes 5-7 mm long, patent, whitish.
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