Home Flora of Missouri
Home
Name Search
Families
Volumes
Papaver rhoeas L. Search in The Plant ListSearch in IPNISearch in Australian Plant Name IndexSearch in NYBG Virtual HerbariumSearch in Muséum national d'Histoire naturelleSearch in Type Specimen Register of the U.S. National HerbariumSearch in Virtual Herbaria AustriaSearch in JSTOR Plant ScienceSearch in SEINetSearch in African Plants Database at Geneva Botanical GardenAfrican Plants, Senckenberg Photo GallerySearch in Flora do Brasil 2020Search in Reflora - Virtual HerbariumSearch in Living Collections Decrease font Increase font Restore font
 

Published In: Species Plantarum 1: 507. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library
 

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 9/1/2017)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 7/9/2009)
Status: Introduced

 

Export To PDF Export To Word

2. Papaver rhoeas L. (corn poppy, field poppy, Shirley poppy)

Pl. 476 d, e; Map 2176

Sap white or pale orange. Stems 20–80 cm long, moderately pubescent with relatively long, spreading, broad-based hairs. Basal leaves with the blade 3–8 cm long, 1 or 2 times pinnately deeply lobed (rarely fully compound toward the base), variously oblanceolate to elliptic or ovate in outline, the ultimate segments lanceolate to oblong-lanceolate, or narrowly elliptic, tapered to sharply pointed tips, the margins otherwise entire or with a few coarse teeth, the surfaces and margins moderately to densely hairy with relatively coarse hairs. Stem leaves similar to the basal ones, sessile or short-petiolate, with shorter blades, the margins sometimes more densely toothed, not clasping the stems at the base. Flower stalks 12–25 cm long, with relatively long, spreading hairs throughout. Sepals 8–20 mm long, with relatively coarse, loosely ascending hairs. Petals 20–40 mm long, red to pink or purple, usually with a pronounced dark spot at the base, sometimes white or streaked with white, rarely orange. Anthers yellow, usually brownish-tinged. Stigmatic crown with (5–)8–18 lobes. Fruits 12–20 mm long, broadly obovoid to nearly globose, longitudinally lined or slightly ribbed, glabrous, occasionally slightly glaucous when young. 2n=14. May–October.

Introduced, uncommon, mostly in the southwestern and central portions of the state (native of Europe, Asia, Africa; introduced widely but sporadically in the U.S., Canada). Glades and banks of streams and spring branches; also pastures, old mines, railroads, roadsides, and open, disturbed areas.

This red-flowered species grows abundantly in some European meadows (and cemeteries) and was the inspiration for the famous World War I era poem In Flanders Fields written in 1915 by the Canadian physician and officer, John McCrae (1919). It subsequently became an international symbol for the sacrifices of Armed Services war veterans.

 
 


 

 
 
© 2022 Missouri Botanical Garden - 4344 Shaw Boulevard - Saint Louis, Missouri 63110