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Project Name Data (Last Modified On 10/24/2012)

Flora Data (Last Modified On 10/24/2012)
PlaceOfPublication Gent. Herb. 3:88. 1933.
Description Erect stout tree, 12-15 m. tall.; trunk to 20 cm. diameter, wood hard, armed with deflexed flattened- spines 10-15 cm. long: leaves 2-4 m. long, glossy on upper surface, clustered into a close broad crown; pinnae numerous, irregularly placed on the rachis and often clustered, 1 m. long, 2-4 cm. broad, being long and narrow with parallel sides, glabrous or becoming so when a loose scurf falls, ridged with midrib on upper surface and showing more or less prominent lateral nerves, margins bearing small spicules; petiole 1 m. or more long, armed with retrorse flat prickles from 2 to 15 cm. long: spadix 5 0-60 cm. long at anthesis aside from the long terete armed peduncle, spathe black-spiny and soon becoming free and hanging or fallixig, rachillae 10-15 cm. long, in whorls or irregularly placed and at the base of which are 2 or 3 pistillate flowers 15-18 mm. long in the crooks of the branchlet; staminate flowers with long exserted versatile anthers 5-7 mm. long, closely set on extended part of branchlet, cream-colored: fruit globular-oblong-obovoid, 4-4.5 cm. long including the prominent beak, about 3 cm. thick, 1-seeded, orange, roughish- papillate, unarmed; nutlet about 2 cm. long, with longitudinal black stripes, pores with radiating lines.
Distribution Conspicuous forest tree in central Canal Zone and probably widely distributed.
Specimen CANAL ZONE: Barro Colorado Island, Bailey 211; Forest Preserve, Allen 2537
Note A form with fruits less than 4 cm. long and less than 3 cm. thick, leaf-margins only minutely ;etulose or practically nude.
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