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Project Name Data (Last Modified On 10/24/2012)

Flora Data (Last Modified On 10/24/2012)
PlaceOfPublication Fruct. et Semin. Pl 2: 469. 1791.
Description Tree to 10 m., usually growing in colonies, trunks to 30 cm. diameter and two of them often coalesced at base and commonly inclined or leaning, with aerial roots at base: leaves inclined and finally lopped or hanging, to 10 m. long and 2 m. broad, the blade nearly entire to rather completely but very irregularly pinnate, texture coriaceous, glabrous; pinnae or segments 2 cm. or much more broad with strong midrib and indifferent parallel veins, 1 m. more or less long, not much narrowed and obliquely attached at base; petiole 1 m. or more long, soft and light, not woody: spadix a simple continuing axis, the rachillae simple and 25-30 cm. long: fruit when simple or- 1-seeded essentially globular but somewhat tapered to base, 4-5 cm. diameter, when twin or triplet 7-8 cm. the long way, brown when dry, completely covered with angular tubercles.
Habit Tree
Distribution Wet places, as on or near shores and in swamps, Atlantic side of Panama, often in dense groves, probably widely distributed in the Republic; the one growing in Central America and southern West Indies is apparently this species.
Note The hard durable nuts often are carried long distances by sea, the rough exterior perhaps perishing on the way and only the polished interior shell externally remaining. Called Monkey-cap-Palm, because from the brown sleeve or cloth-like spathe caps are made which are sold on the streets of Col6n.
Specimen CANAL ZONE: swamps near Fort Sherman, Bay of Limon, Bailey 214.
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