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Published In: Species Plantarum 1: 60. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 7/9/2009)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 7/9/2009)
Status: Native


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3. Alopecurus pratensis L. (meadow foxtail)

Pl. 131 g–i; Map 533

Plants perennial. Flowering stems 40–90 cm long, erect or ascending from often spreading bases, sometimes rooting at the lower nodes. Leaf sheaths with the ligules 1–4 mm long. Leaf blades 4–25 cm long, 2–8 mm wide. Inflorescences 2–10 cm long, 5–11 mm wide. Glumes 3.5–6.0 mm long, sharply pointed at the tip, hairy, especially along the midnerve (keel) and lateral nerves. Awn 5–10 mm long (extended 2–6 mm past the glumes), attached toward the base of the lemma midnerve, twisted or bent abruptly near the midpoint. Anthers 1.6–3.5 mm long. Fruits 1.5–3.0 mm long. 2n=28, 42. May–August.

Introduced, uncommon in central Missouri (native of Europe, Asia, introduced sporadically in North America, mostly in the northern U.S. and Canada). Pastures, fallow fields, roadsides, and moist, disturbed, usually grassy areas.

This species occasionally is planted in pastures as part of cool‑season grass mixes for hay or forage. It reportedly causes hay fever in some northeastern states, but is not common enough in Missouri to represent much of a problem. Alopecurus pratensis bears a strong superficial resemblance to Phleum pratense, with which it might be confused if specimens are not examined closely.



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