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Published In: Flora of Tropical Africa 9: 169. 1917. (Fl. Trop. Afr.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Flower/Fruit: Fl. & Fr. Per.: May-September.
Type: Type: Australia, Brown (K).
Distribution: Distribution: Pakistan (Baluchistan, Punjab, N.W.F.P. & Kashmir); eastern Africa from Sudan to Mozambique; tropical Asia and Australia.
Comment/Acknowledgements: In Asia and Australia in particular this species is quite variable, mainly due to introgression from Bothriochloa bladhii, and DeWet (in Am. J. Bot. 54: 384-387. 1967) has distinguished four varieties. Two of these are restricted to Australia and New Guinea while the others are of wider distribution, both occurring in South-west Asia. The two Asian varieties may be distinguished as follows:

var. parviflorum: includes plants with 1-4 articulate racemes, very rarely as many as 6; robust or slender plants with glabrous to pilose leaves and culms. Sexually reproducing diploids (2n=20) and apomictic segmental allopolyploids (2n=40, 50, 60) are known.

var. “capilliflorum” (as Dichanthium parviflorum (R. Br.) DeWet var. capilliflorum (Steud.) DeWet & Harlan, based on Andropogon capilliflorum Steud.): includes plants with 3-5-articulate racemes, very rarely 2-3 but these scattered in inflorescences otherwise with 3-5-articulate racemes. Apomictic segmental allopolyploids with 2n=40, 50, 60.

These varieties can be distinguished chemically by their essential oils, but their morphological differences are far too vague for them to be maintained in this Flora.

Although at the diploid level Capillipedium parviflorum and Capillipedium assimile are genetically completely isolated (DeWet & Harlan in Taxon 19:339-340. 1970) they introgress at the tetraploid level.

Map Location: B-7 Swat dist.: Madian, 5000', R. R. Stewart 24434 (K, RAW); Hazara dist.: Siran Valley, M. Inayat Khan 20291 (K); Kashmir: Chenari, Jhelum Valley Road, 3500', R. R. Stewart 12428 (K); near Muzaffarabad, 2000', R. R. & I. D. Stewart 17287A (KUH); C-7 Sargodha dist.: Sakesar, 5000', Kabir 14529 (K); Rawalpindi dist.: Potha, Murree Hills, 4400', R, R. Stewart 23356 (K); ibid., 4October 1949, R. R. Stewart s.n, (KUH); Murree Hills, 6500-7500', Asghar Ali 131 (RAW); C-8 Kashmir: Kishtwar, 5000', C. B. Clarke 31343 (K); D-5 Zhob dist.: Fort Sandeman, 5600', T. F. Duthie 19047 (K).


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Tufted perennial; culms slender, 50-150 cm high. Leaf-blades 10-30 cm long, 2-7 mm wide, rounded or slightly narrowed at the base. Inflorescence 8-25 cm long; racemes reduced to a single triad of 1 sessile and 2 pedicelled spikelets, rarely with 2-6 sessile spikelets (up to 10 in Australia). Sessile spikelet narrowly oblong, 2.4-3.3 mm long, scabrid, occasionally pubescent, acute; lower glume shallowly concave with 2 intercarinal nerves; awn 10-15 mm long. Pedicelled spikelet lanceolate, 2.2-3.5 mm long.
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