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Published In: Flora Indica; or descriptions of Indian Plants 1: 238–239. 1820. (Fl. Ind.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Flower/Fruit: Fl & Fr. Per.: January-April and again September-November.
Type: Type: India, Roxburgh Painting 2110 (K).
Distribution: Distribution: Pakistan (Sind, Punjab & Kashmir); tropical Africa, extending through Arabia to India.
Comment/Acknowledgements: This grass is acceptable to stock when young but is commonly a very noxious weed, especially in the plains.
Map Location: C-7 Jhelum dist.: Pind Dadan Khan, 800', E. Nasir 3687 (RAW); about 30 miles from Chakwal on way to Pindi, S.A. Faruqi & M. Qaiser 2921 (KUH); Attock dist.: Dhok Pattan R.R. Stewart & E. Nasir 28517 (RAW); Kashmir: Bala Gala, Mirpur, Jan Mohd. 32 (RAW), 8019 (K); B-6 Bahawalpur dist.: Rahimyar Khan, November 1955, A. Ghafoor s.n. (K); ibid., November 1955, S.I. Ali s.n. (KUH); G-4 Karachi dist.: ½ mile from Sonmiani, 17 January 1965, S.I. Ali & S.M. H. Jafri s.n. (KUH); Dadu dist.: 12 miles from Thano Bula Khan, M. Qaiser, Asad Raza & Abrar Hussain 650 (KUH); G-5 Tharparkar dist.: 3 miles from Naokot on way to Diplo, M. Qaiser, A. Ghafoor & Abrar Hussain 3647 (K, KUH); Hyderabad dist.: 5 miles E of Tando Jam, J.J. Norris 108 (RAW); G-6 Tharparkar dist.: Nagar Parkar, S.I. Ali 1516 (KUH).


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Annual; culms 5-90 cm high, ascending. Leaf-blades 2-25 cm long, 2-7 mm. wide. Panicle 2-15 cm long; involucres ovoid, 4-11 mm long; inner spines flattened, connate at the base to form an ovoid or diamond-shaped disc 2-4 mm across, bearing 1-3 shallow grooves on the outer face, ciliate below, retrorsely barbellate and mostly pungent at the tip; outer spines numerous, acicular, shorter than the inner, commonly divergent, rarely suppressed. Spikelets 1-3 per burr, 3.5-6 mm long.
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