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Published In: Mantissa Plantarum 2: 302. 1771. (Mant. Pl.) Name publication detailView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Flower/Fruit: Fl. & Fr. Per.: February-March.
Type: Type: South Africa, Koenig (Linn).
Distribution: Distribution: Pakistan (Sind, Baluchistan, Punjab & N.W.F.P.); throughout Africa, extending through Arabia and the Middle East to India; widely introduced else-where in the Old World.
Comment/Acknowledgements: African Foxtail Grass, Blue Buffalo Grass or Buffet Grass in a valuable fodder grass, especially for hay. It is also said to be a useful lawn grass.
Map Location: B-6 Mohmand dist.: Warsak, N of Peshawar, G. Taylor 10/53 (K); Peshawar dist.: Islamia College, R.R. Stewart 10181 (RAW); Tangi, B.L. Burtt B1041 (KUH); Khyber dist.: near Landi Kotal, M. Qaiser & Sultanul Abedin 6132 (KUH); C-6 Kohat dist.: Kohat, K.K. Rechinger 30178 (K); Kohat Pass, 2000', R. R. Stewart 28250 (K, RAW); Thal, Sadiq Masih 7 (K); D.I. Khan dist.: Pezu Hills, N of D.I. Khan, H.S. Gentry & E.E. Smith 14133 (K); C-7 Attock dist.: Khairabad, R.R. Stewart 27842 (K, KUH); Hasan Abdal, R.R. & I.D. Stewart 332 (RAW); Rawalpindi dist.: Rawalpindi, R.R. Stewart 10147 (K, RAW); 7 miles from Pindi on way to Lahore, M. Qaiser 3517 (KUH); C-8 Sialkot dist.: Pasrur, 1000', R.R. Stewart 599 (RAW); Sialkot, R.R. Stewart 15058 (KUH); D-4 Quetta dist.: Ranikut, 7 May 1967, M.G. Konieczny s.n. (KUH); D-5 Sibi dist.: Torkhan above Harnai, 900 m, K.H. Rechinger 29519 (K); Loralai dist.: about 3 miles from Rakni on way to D.G. Khan, M. Qaiser 2550 (KUH); D-6 Multan dist.: 49 miles from Multan on way to Lahore, M. Qaiser, A. Ghafoor & S. Abrar 3604 (KUH); E-4 Sibi dist.: about 20 miles from Sibi on way to Quetta, SA. Faruqi & M. Qaiser 2250 (KUH); E-6 D.G. Khan dist.: 2 miles from Rajanpur on way to Mithankot, Sultanul Abedin & Abrar Hussain 9565 (KUH); F-4 Dadu dist.: 10-15 Km S of Sehwan, J. Lamond 863 (K); ibid., K.H. Rechinger 28747 (K); G-2 Makran dist.: 25 miles from Pasni on way to Turbat, Sultanul Abedin & Abrar Hussain 6484 (KUH); G-4 Karachi dist.: in desert, R.R. Stewart 24774 (K); Mangopir, S.I. Ali et al. 346 (KUH); Dadu dist.: Thano Bula Khan, M. Qaiser 449 (KUH); Hyderabad dist.: 5 miles E of Tando Jam, J.J. Norris 93 (K); Agricultural College, Tando Jam, J.J. Norris 169, (K, RAW).


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Perennial, often forming mats or tussocks; culms 10-150 cm high, ascending, wiry or sometimes almost woody. Leaf blades 3-25 cm long, 2-10 mm wide. Panicle cylindrical to ovoid, 2-12 cm long, 10-26 mm wide, grey, purple or straw-coloured, the rhachis angular and puberulous; involucre elongate, 6-16 mm long; inner bristles greatly exceeding the spikelets, one of them longer and stouter than the rest, at least the longest somewhat flattened at the base, connate only at the base to form a disc 0.5-1.5 mm in diameter (or sometimes connate for up to 0.5 mm above the rim of the disc), sparsely or densely ciliate below, grooved on the face or not, filiform above, flexuous, often wavy, antrorsely scaberulous; outer bristles filiform. Spikelets 2-4 per burr, 2-5.5 mm long, acutely lanceolate; glumes distinct, acute, the lower as long as the spikelet.


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