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Published In: Enumeratio Plantarum Horti Botanici Berolinensis, . . . 2: 1029. 1809. (Enum. Pl.) Name publication detail

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Flower/Fruit: Fl. & Fr. Per. July-October.
Type: Type: Egypt (description in Bauhin, Pinax 7. 1623; Theatr. 110. 1658) and India (Illustration in Pluk. Alm. 175. t.300/8. 1696).
Distribution: Distribution: Pakistan (Sind, Punjab, N.W.F.P. & Kashmir); widely distributed in tropical and warm temperate regions of the Old World; introduced in America.
Comment/Acknowledgements: An exceedingly variable pantropical annual weed, typically with sprawling geniculately ascending culms and linear spikes radiating in a star-like manner from the culm-tip, but also including plants with compact oblong spikes, occasionally very similar to those of Dactyloctenium aristatum from which it is most easily distinguished by its rugose grain. Duthie has reported that it is a very nutritious fodder grass for cattle, being both fattening and milk-producing. Egyptian Finger-grass is sporadic in its appearance.
Map Location: B-7 Kashmir: Garhi, Jhelum Valley Road, 2500', R.R. Stewart 10083 (K); Hazara dist.: Shinkujari, 29 August 1899, M. Inayat Khan s.n. (K); Swat dist.: Karakar, R.R. Stewart, E. Nasir & M.A. Siddiqi 1256 (RAW); C-7 Rawalpindi dist.: J.E.T. Aitchison 105 (K); Jhelum dist.: on Kheora Road, 1000', J.R. Drummond 14650 (K); near Bhera, J.R. Drummond 14758 (K); Jhelum forest near Kotian Village, Saida Qureshi 164 (KUH); D-7 Multan dist.: 49 miles from Multan on way to Lahore, M. Qaiser, A. Ghafoor & S. Abrar 3606 (KUH); F-5 Sukkur dist.: 4 miles from Shikarpur on way to Kashmoor, Sultanul Abedin & Abrar Hussain 9520 (KUH); G-4 Karachi dist.: Karachi University Campus, 18 June 1969, Sultanul Abedin s.n. (K); ibid., 13 September 1967, Abrar Hussain s.n. (KUH); Darsano Chino, Sultanul Abedin 9768, 9772 (KUH); G-5 Tharparkar dist.: 3 miles from Naokot on way to Mirpurkhas, M. Qaiser, A. Ghafoor & Abrar Hussain 3639 (KUH); G-6 Tharparkar dist.: Nagar Parkar, S.I. Ali 1504 (KUH).


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Annual; culms up to 70(100) cm high, usually geniculately ascending and rooting at the lower nodes, frequently shortly stoloniferous and mat-forming, less often erect. Leaf-blades flat, 3-25 cm long, 2.5-7.5 mm wide, papillose-hispid especially along the margins. Inflorescence composed of (1)3-9 linear to narrowly oblong spikes 1.2-6.5 cm long. Spikelets 3-4-flowered, broadly ovate, 3.5-4.5 mm long; glumes subequal, 1.5-2.2 mm long, the lower lanceolate in profile with a thick scabrid keel, the upper elliptic to narrowly obovate in profile, the smooth keel extended into a stout divergent scabrid awn half to twice as long as the glume; lemmas narrowly ovate to ovate in profile, 2.6-4 mm long, the keel gibbous, concave and scabrid above the middle and often extended into a stout cusp or mucro up to 1 mm long; palea-keels winged or wingless; anthers 0.25-0.8 mm long. Grain about 1 mm long, broadly obovate to obtriangular in profile, transversely rugose.
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