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Flora Data (Last Modified On 10/29/2013)
Species Guadua tagoara (Nees) Kunth
PlaceOfPublication Enum. P1. 1: 434. 1833.
Synonym Bambusa tagoara Nees, Agrost. Brasil. 532. 1829.
Note TYPE: Brazil. Sao Paulo: Serra do Mar, towards Guarantinguetai, Mar- tius s.n. (holotype, M? n.v.).
Description Woody and thorny bamboo; culms 20-30 m x 6-10(- 15) cm, erect, arching above, the internodes hollow, scabrous. Culm leaves deciduous, covered with fine appressed brown hairs; sheaths 17-38 x 20-30 cm, lacking auricles and setae; inner ligule 2-4 mm long; outer ligule absent; blades 3-7 x 9-13 cm, very broadly triangular, erect, persistent. Foliage leaves with sheaths ciliate on the margins and often with a line of hairs on one side of the midnerve, otherwise glabrous; auricles absent or rarely present and up to 5 mm long, bearing setae 8- 10 mm long at the summit; pseudopetiole ca. 10 mm long, glabrous; blades 21-30 x 3-7 cm, broad- ly ovate-lanceolate, glabrous. Synflorescence with axes glabrous. Pseudospikelets 1-3 cm x 3-6 mm, straight, 4-6-flowered; lemma 6-8 x 5-7 mm, papillose abaxially, silky-pubescent adaxially, ciliate on the margins; palea 7-9 x 3-5 mm, exceeding the lemma, puberulous, the keels with puberulent, ciliolate wings ca. 1 mm wide.
Habit bamboo
Note Wet forest edges below 1,000 m
Elevation below 1,000 m
Distribution eastern Brazil (Bahia to Santa Catarina).
Specimen BRAZIL. BAHIA: Mun. Itajuipe, 2 km S of Pimenteira on road to Uni&o Queimada, Fazenda Sao Jorge, elev. 500 m, 5 May 1976, Soderstrom, Rus- sell & Hage 2186 (CEPEC, US); Mun. Gandu, 2 km N of Gandu City on BR-101, Fazenda Santo Antonio, ca. 13?44'S, 39029'W, 19 Apr. 1972, Calder6n & Pinheiro 2228 (CEPEC, US); Mun. Mascote, 20 km E of Camaca, 9 km W of Santa Luzia do Salobro on road to Canaveiras, edge of Rio Belem, elev. 90 m, 7 Apr. 1976, Soderstrom, Russell & Hage 2128 (CEPEC, US); Mun. Jequie, ca. 40 km SE of Jequie on road to Ipiau, elev. 175 m, 16 May 1976, Calder6n, dos Santos & Oliveira 2439 (CEPEC, US).
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