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Published In: Synopsis Plantarum Glumacearum 1: 109. 1855[1854]. (2-3 Mar 1854) (Syn. Pl. Glumac.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Flower/Fruit: Fl. & Fr. Per.: February-April and again August-October.
Type: Types: Arabia, Schimper 973 (K), Schimper 974 (P).
Distribution: Distribution: Pakistan (Sind & Baluchistan); tropical East Africa through Arabia to India; introduced to Australia.
Comment/Acknowledgements: The boundary between Cenchrus pennisetiformis and Cenchrus ciliaris is very indistinct. Apart from their cupuliform inflorescence, plants of Cenchrus pennisetiformis are of smaller stature, usually annual, and favour sub-desert conditions.

Cenchrus pennisetiformis is an extremely valuable fodder grass as it remains green during the dry season. Cattle are very fond of it.

Map Location: F-2 Makran dist.: 30 miles from Hoshab on way to Panjgur, M. Qaiser, Asad Raza & Abrar Hussain 1138 (KUH); F-5 Khairpur dist.: Kotdiji, S.M.H. Jafri 1136 (KUH); G-2 Makran dist.: 65 miles from Gwadar on way to Pasni, Sultanul Abedin & Abrar Hussain 6448 (KUH); G-4 Karachi dist.: Mauripur, near Karachi, W.T. Steam 4 (K); Hab Chauki, K.H. Rechinger 28610 (K); Clifton, A. Rahman Beg 25669 (K, RAW); near Hawkes Bay, 30 September 1967, S.I. Ali & S.A. Faruqi s.n. (KUH); G-5 Hyderabad dist.: Agricultural College, Tando Jam, 28 August 1959, A. Jails s.n. (RAW).


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Annual or short-lived perennial; culms 10-40 cm high, ascending. Leaf-blades 2-20 cm long, 2-5 mm wide. Panicle 2-6 cm long; involucre elongate, 6-16 mm long; inner bristles greatly exceeding the spikelets, one of them longer and stouter than the rest, flattened at the base, connate for 1-2.5 mm above the basal disc to form a cup, almost glabrous to sparsely ciliate below, grooved on the face or not, filiform above, flexuous, often wavy, antrorsely scaberulous; outer bristles filiform. Spikelets 1-3 per burr, 3-5 mm long.
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