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Published In: Annales des Sciences Naturelles; Botanique, sér. 2, 9(4): 195–196, pl. 7. 1838. (Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 2,) Name publication detailView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Flower/Fruit: Fl. Per.: April-June.
Type: Type: South Africa, Cape of Good Hope (Collector and locality uncertain).
Distribution: Distribution: Native of South Africa. Introduced into New Zealand, Australia and U.S.A. In Pakistan also probably an introduction.
Map Location: B-6 Peshawar Dist.: Risalpur Cantt., in a field near Sadar Bazar, altitude c. 600 m, Victor-Loyal 6421 (RAW); Peshawar, sides of city Peshawar Railway lines, M.Tanwir & Dilawar 29 (ISL); Campbellpur, prostrate herb with spiny fruits, Iqbal Dar & Anjum Amin 419B (ISL); 1 mile from Campbellpur, M.N.Chaudhri et al. 77 (ISL); Attock, Malik Mala to Shinka, 12.3.1978, Shahzad & Nisar s.n. (ISL).


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A diffusely branched, up to 35 cm tall, glabrous annual herb, usually branched from the base. Leaves petiolate, petiole 1.5-4 cm long; blade ovate to ovate-lanceolate, 2-4.5 x 1-3 cm, obtuse or somewhat acute, entire; ochrea lacerate. Male flowers axillary or in terminal clusters or in short spikes, sessile. Female flowers in axillary clusters, sessile and in short leafless spikes. Fruit enclosed in 11-12 mm long perianth segments, the 3 outer segments ending into 1-2 mm long spine, each centrarlly ribbed and foveolate on either side with 2 grooves one above the other, basally with 6 spine-like points; inner segments erect, lanceolate.
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