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Published In: Species Plantarum 2: 894–895. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Synonym Text: Cotula foetida S. G. Gmelin, Reisse Russl. 1: 137. 1774; Anthemis foetida Lamk., Fl. Fr. 2: 164. 1778; Maruta cotula (L.) DC., Prodr. 6: 13. 1837; Anthemis abyssinica J. Gay et A. Rich, Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 418. 1847; A. antiochia Eig in Pal. J. Bot. Jer. Ser. 1: 200. 1938.
Flower/Fruit: Fl. Per.: March-September.
Type: Type: Described from Europe: praecipue Ucrania, Herb. Linn. 1016.16 (LINN).
Distribution: Distribution: Central and SW Asia westwards to Algeria, Europe; introduced in N & S America, Australia and New Zealand.
Comment/Acknowledgements: Occurs on damp, alluvial soils or roadside depressions probably as an escape from cultivation and sandy clay soils in the low valleys surrounded by high hills.
Photo: Anthemis cotula L. (Photo)
Map Location: A-7 Chitral Dist.: Mastuj Gol, c. 45 Km from Chitral on way to Booni & Mastuj, c. 1800 m, sandy-clay soil, 24.6.1987, A. Ghafoor & S. Omer 2976 (KUH); B-7 Kashmir, Muzaffarabad Dist.: c. 30 Km from Neelam on way to Sharda (near Dosut), 23.9.1987, Tahir Ali, M. Qaiser & Ajmal Khan 511 (KUH); C-7 Rawalpindi Dist.: Nullah Lehi, 10.5.1962, R. R. Stewart 344 (RAW); Hazara Dist.: Changla Gali, Muree Hills, 8000 ft., along roadside, an escape? R. R. Stewart 23647 (K); Changla Gali, roadside, an escape, ± 9000 ft., R. R. Stewart s.n. (RAW); Hazara, 1944, Hassan Din 24 (RAW); D-4 Quetta Dist.: Urak Road, Quetta, Surayya Khatoon et al. 530 (KUH); Ziarat, Shreen Village, 36° 28.60´ N, 75° 5.60´ E, May 1981, Rasool Baksh 73 (KUH); G-4 Karachi Dist.: Near PSO Pump Station, Karachi University Road, Tahir Ali & Gohar Khan 1A (KUH).


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Annual, up to 60 (-70) cm tall, sparsely hairy or glabrescent herb. Leaves subsessile or shortly petiolate, lamina obovate-oblong or ovate-oblong, 1.5 – 6 cm long, 0.5 – 3 cm wide, 2-3-pinnatisect into narrowly linear, acute-acuminate, entire or 2-3-dented ultimate segments. Peduncles slender, up to 15 cm long, unthickened in fruit. Capitula solitary, radiate, sometimes discoid, 1.2 – 3 cm across. Phyllaries ovate-oblong, 3 – 4 x 1.5 – 2 mm, whitish hairy outside, narrowly scarious on margins, ± obtuse. Receptacle oblong-conical, 5 – 8 mm long, c. 3 mm wide, chaffy in the upper half, paleae linear-subulate, 2.5 – 3 mm long, persistent, bristly. Ray-florets sterile, tube glabrous, ligules white, oblong-elliptic, 5 – 14 x 3 – 6 mm, obtuse, rarely absent. Disc-florets yellow, as long as to ± longer than the paleae; corolla tube terete, glabrous, slightly inflated at the base. Cypselas subylindrical-turbinate, 1 – 1.5 mm long, light brown, obscurely 8 – 10-ribbed, tuberculate, exauriculate.
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