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Published In: Species Plantarum 2: 890. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Synonym Text: Matricaria coronaria (L) Lam., Encycl. Meth. Bot. 3: 737. 1792.
Flower/Fruit: Fl. Per.: May – September.
Type: Type: Described from Crete and Sicily, Herb. Cliff. 416/1 (BM!).
Habitat: In China and Japan, varieties of vegetable or garland chrysanthemum are grown for consumption as vegetable. It is a very commonly cultivated garden ornamental and found as an escape.
Distribution: Distribution: Mediterranean region eastwards to Iraq, Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan and Central Asia; introduced and cultivated in many parts of the globe.
Map Location: A-7 Chitral: Wassam, Mastuj-Baroghil, 3000 m, Stainton 2950 (BM, RAW); B-8 Ladak: Kaltse to Damkar (right side of the Indus Valley), Herb. Schlagintweit Gen. No. Cat. 4/1056 (BM); G-4 Karachi, Clifton, Khursheed Anwar s. n. (KUH).


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Glabrescent-glaucous herbs, 20 – 70 (-80) cm tall with sulcate, much branched stems. Basal leaves shortly petioled, oblong-obovate, almost entire, the apex trifid; cauline leaves sessile, 3 – 8 (-10) cm long, 2 (-3)-pinnatisect, the terminal lobes largest, the lobes oblong or lanceolate, generally acute, the margin incised-dentate or entire; upper cauline leaves smaller, obovate, becoming 1-pinnatisect. Capitula often solitary or in clusters of 2-5, on up to 10 cm long peduncles, (1.3-) 1.5 – 2.5 (-3) cm in diameter. Involucre ± cupular, 1-2 cm across, outer phyllaries ovate-oblong, 3 – 8 mm long, often with central brown line and brownish, narrowly scarious margined; inner phyllaries 6 – 8 (-10) mm, with a much broader scarious margin at apex, often with a rounded scarious apical appendage. Ray-florets 18 or more, ligules broadly oblong, 1 – 1.5 cm long, sulphur-yellow, cream or pale-white with a yellow base, apically 3-lobed or entire, obtuse. Disc florets numerous, with yellow, 4 – 5 mm long, 5-lobed, gradually upwards expanding corolla tube, sometimes with sessile glands. Cypselas 2 – 3 mm long, ray-cypselas sharply triquetrous, the angles 2 –3 winged, the disc-cypselas often cylindrical, with one wing or small spine-like appendages at the rim, or unwinged and ribbed, often with sessile glands.
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