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!!Chrysanthemum coronarium L. Search in The Plant ListSearch in IPNISearch in Australian Plant Name IndexSearch in NYBG Virtual HerbariumSearch in Muséum national d'Histoire naturelleSearch in Type Specimen Register of the U.S. National HerbariumSearch in Virtual Herbaria AustriaSearch in JSTOR Plant ScienceSearch in SEINetSearch in African Plants Database at Geneva Botanical GardenAfrican Plants, Senckenberg Photo GallerySearch in Flora do Brasil 2020Search in Reflora - Virtual HerbariumSearch in Living Collections Decrease font Increase font Restore font
 

Published In: Species Plantarum 2: 890. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library
 

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Synonym Text: Matricaria coronaria (L) Lam., Encycl. Meth. Bot. 3: 737. 1792.
Flower/Fruit: Fl. Per.: May – September.
Type: Type: Described from Crete and Sicily, Herb. Cliff. 416/1 (BM!).
Habitat: In China and Japan, varieties of vegetable or garland chrysanthemum are grown for consumption as vegetable. It is a very commonly cultivated garden ornamental and found as an escape.
Distribution: Distribution: Mediterranean region eastwards to Iraq, Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan and Central Asia; introduced and cultivated in many parts of the globe.
Map Location: A-7 Chitral: Wassam, Mastuj-Baroghil, 3000 m, Stainton 2950 (BM, RAW); B-8 Ladak: Kaltse to Damkar (right side of the Indus Valley), Herb. Schlagintweit Gen. No. Cat. 4/1056 (BM); G-4 Karachi, Clifton, Khursheed Anwar s. n. (KUH).

 

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Glabrescent-glaucous herbs, 20 – 70 (-80) cm tall with sulcate, much branched stems. Basal leaves shortly petioled, oblong-obovate, almost entire, the apex trifid; cauline leaves sessile, 3 – 8 (-10) cm long, 2 (-3)-pinnatisect, the terminal lobes largest, the lobes oblong or lanceolate, generally acute, the margin incised-dentate or entire; upper cauline leaves smaller, obovate, becoming 1-pinnatisect. Capitula often solitary or in clusters of 2-5, on up to 10 cm long peduncles, (1.3-) 1.5 – 2.5 (-3) cm in diameter. Involucre ± cupular, 1-2 cm across, outer phyllaries ovate-oblong, 3 – 8 mm long, often with central brown line and brownish, narrowly scarious margined; inner phyllaries 6 – 8 (-10) mm, with a much broader scarious margin at apex, often with a rounded scarious apical appendage. Ray-florets 18 or more, ligules broadly oblong, 1 – 1.5 cm long, sulphur-yellow, cream or pale-white with a yellow base, apically 3-lobed or entire, obtuse. Disc florets numerous, with yellow, 4 – 5 mm long, 5-lobed, gradually upwards expanding corolla tube, sometimes with sessile glands. Cypselas 2 – 3 mm long, ray-cypselas sharply triquetrous, the angles 2 –3 winged, the disc-cypselas often cylindrical, with one wing or small spine-like appendages at the rim, or unwinged and ribbed, often with sessile glands.
 
 
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