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Published In: Species Plantarum 2: 849. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Synonym Text: A. simplicifolia Pamp., Lav. Ist. Bot. Reale Univ. Cagliari 22: 174. 1934; A. dracunculus var. inodora Bess. in Bull. Soc. Nat. Mosc. 8: 54. 1835; Oligosporus dracunculus (L.) Poljakov, l. c. 11: 166.
Flower/Fruit: Fl. Per.: July-September.
Type: Type: Described from Siberia, Tataria.
Habitat: This species is collected for feeding to sheep in Ladakh and Tibet during winter. Cultivated in Europe for leaves which are used for seasoning salads and cooked dishes.
Distribution: Distribution: Europe eastwards to Siberia, China, Mongolia and North America (probably introduced and naturalized).
Map Location: A-7 Chitral Dist.: Atkuh village, c. 7 miles from Shogran on way to Tirich Mir Mountains, 26.8.1981, Kamal A. Malik & S. Nazimuddin 1760 (KUH); Chumarkhan Pass, East of Mastuj, on stony gravel, 10,000 ft., 14.7.1958, J. D. A. Stainton 2890 (E, RAW, BM); Tirich Gol, 36° 25´ N 71° 15´ E, 9000 ft., dry level ground, S. A. Bowes-Lyon 1062 (E); B-7 Western Himalayas, Panji, 11.7.1899, J. F. Duthie s. n. (K, RAW); B-8 Kashmir, without locality, Dr. H. W. Bellow s. n. (K); Kashmir, Ascent Pir Panjal Pass, R. R. Stewart 10670 (RAW); Murgo, Karakorum Trade Route, dry stony hillslopes, 7.7.1928, F. Ludlow 447 (BM); Karakorum Biafo Glacier, left bank, Oblation valley, 13500 ft., 6.9.1939, R. Scott-Russel 1816 (BM); Gilgit Agency, Godai River Valley, common on banks, c. 5 miles above Godai, alt. 9500 ft., 17 Aug. 1955, G. L. Webster & E. Nasir 6516 (K); Gilgit Expedition, N of Hindukush, 9000 ft., Dr. Giles 108 (K, E); B-9 Char, Zaskar, Kashmir, alt. 13000 ft., 16-17 July, 1933, Walter Koelz 5684 (MICH).


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Perennial, strongly aromatic to inodorous, 20-100 (-150) cm tall herb, with erect or ascending, costate-striate, greenish-yellow, sparsely hairy to glabrous stems. Leaves short stalked to sessile, mostly undivided, occasionally lower 3-5-cleft, usually glabrous, sometimes sparsely appressed canescent, linear-lanceolate to occasionally ± oblanceolate, 2-8 cm x (1-) 2-8 (-10) mm, entire, acute; upper ones mostly simple, much reduced in floral region. Capitula numerous, heterogamous, globose, 2-3 x 3-4 mm, remote to approximate, nodding on curved, 1-2 mm long, hairy or glabrous peduncles, in leafy, narrow panicle with ascending to erect, sometimes appressed, up to 10 cm long branches. Involucre 3-seriate, phyllaries glabrous, outermost oblong, c. 2.5 x 1 mm, obtuse, inner ones broadly elliptic, c. 3.5 x 2 mm, broadly whitish scarious, obtuse. Receptacle conico-hemispherical, glabrous. Florets up to 40, yellow; marginal-florets 6-15, fertile, with 0.5-1 mm long, glandulose, 2-fid corolla; disc-florets 10-20, bisexual, sterile, with campanulate, 2-2.5 mm long, 5-toothed corolla. Cypselas brown, ellipsoid, 0.6-1 mm long.
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