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Published In: Species Plantarum 1: 474–475. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 5/12/2022)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 5/23/2018)
Contributor Text: J. Osborne, R. Borosova & S. Landrein
Contributor Institution: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
Synonym Text: Cerasus vulgaris Mill., Gard. Dict. ed. 8, Cerasus no.1: 1768; Prunus cerasus var. bunyardii Ingram, Ornamental cherries: 85. 1949.
Flower/Fruit: Fr. Per.: May – July.
Type: Type: Not designated. "Habitat in Europa." According to the Linnaean Plant Name Typification project (Jarvis 2006): “Ghora & Panigrahi (in Nair, Fasc. Fl. India 18: 16. 1984) indicated 640.21 (LINN) as type, but although it is annotated "cerasus" by Linnaeus, it also carries the number "2" (associating it with P. virginiana L.), and is evidently of North American origin (conflicting with Linnaeus' "Habitat in Europa"). It does not appear to be original material for P. cerasus.”
Distribution: Distribution: Europe, SW Asia. Long cultivated in temperate areas worldwide for its edible fruit (sour cherry) and as an ornamental, often naturalised. Wood used for furniture making.

1600-2100 m.

Map Location: B-7 nr Jhikka Gali, 7000 ft, 29.5.1977, Y.Nasir & Khan 8339 (RAW); Parc Research Station, Kagan, 34°38' N, 73°31' E, 2000 m, 4.7.1988, Thomson; Brenner & Anwar 880114 (RAW); B-8 Kashmir, Srinagar, 5300 ft, 5.7.1891, Gammie s.n. (K).


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Shrub or small tree 1.5-10 m tall, usually with root suckers, crown subglobular. Bark dark brown with horizontal lenticels, peeling. Perulate winter buds present. Young branchlets green, glabrous, becoming red-brown. Leaf blade elliptic to obovate, 3-8(-12) x 1.5-5(-8) cm, base cuneate, apex acute to acuminate, margin obtusely serrate or biserrate with glandular teeth, often with 2-4 glands towards the base; adaxially glabrous and shiny, abaxially glabrous or pubescent when young usually becoming glabrescent. Petiole 1-2(-3) cm long, usually eglandular, glabrous. Stipules linear to lanceolate, ca. 7 mm long with glandular serrate margins, caducous. Flowers 1.5-2.5 cm in diameter, in fascicles of 2-5, opening with the leaves. Pedicels 1.5-5 cm long, glabrous, with 1 to several leafy bracts at base. Inner bracts erect at flowering. Hypanthium campanulate to broadly campanulate, 5 mm long, glabrous. Sepals ca. 5 mm long, ovate, obtuse to acate at apex, glabrous, usually with glandular serrate margin. Petals white, obovate, 10-13 x 8-10 mm, apex usually emarginate. Stamens 20-35, filaments 6-10 mm long. Ovary glabrous; style 8-9 mm long, glabrous. Fruit a drupe, pale red, subglobose, 1.2-1.5 cm in diameter; mesocarp juicy, yellow, sour; endocarp ca. 7 mm diameter, globose, smooth, adnate to mesocarp.

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