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Published In: Species Plantarum 1: 479. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 5/12/2022)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 5/29/2018)
Synonym Text: P. communis var. sativa (DC.) DC., Prodr. 2: 634. 1825.
Flower/Fruit: Fl. & Fr.Per.: May – July
Type: Lectotype : Habitat in Europa. Herb. Linn. No. 647.1 (LINN !). Designated by: Amaral Franco & Rocha Afonso in Rev. Fac. Ci. Univ. Lisboa, Sér. 2, C, Ci. Nat. 13 : 177 (1965).
Distribution: Distribution: Pakistan, Kashmir, Afghanistan, Central Asia, Europe, Iran, Russia, Turkey; cultivated in temperate and sub-tropical areas worldwide (edible domestic pear).

2440-2740 m.

Map Location: B-6 NWFP, Malakand, March 1908, H.Deane s.n. (K); C-8 Kashmir, Kishtwar, 8000 ft, 15.6.1848, T.Thomson s.n. (K); U. Chenab Vy, Danaur, Dandiali, 9000 ft, 15.6.1879, R.Ellis 199 (K); U. Chenab Vy., Danaur, 8200 ft, 6.5.1879, R.Ellis 14 (K); D-5 Baluchistan, Loralai, 24.7.1939, M.Nath 2097 (RAW).


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Trees 5-20 m tall, deciduous, sometimes with spine-tipped branchlets. Young branchlets pubescent becoming glabrous. Leaf blade broadly ovate to sub-orbicular, 2-6 (-8) x 1.5-6 (-6.5) cm, base rounded to subcordate, apex abruptly short acuminate, margin crenulate or serrulate to sub-entire, white arachnoid pubescent when young, especially abaxially, becoming glabrous. Petioles 1.5-6(-7) cm long, sparsely pubescent when young becoming glabrous. Inflorescence corymbose, 5-11 flowered; pedicels 1.2-3.5 (-5) cm long, usually pubescent initially. Bracts linear-lanceolate, pubescent, usually caducous. Flowers white or pink; hypanthium 3-5 mm long, pubescent, occasionally glabrescent. Sepals ovate to lanceolate with acuminate apex, 3-8 x 2-4 mm, white tomentose on both surfaces. Petals 10-15 mm long and wide. Stamens ca. 20, filaments 5-8 mm long, anthers red to purple. Stylodia 5, shorter than stamens. Pomes pyriform to subglobose, 2-6 x 1.5-2 cm (often much larger in cultivated specimens), green to yellow or brown, sometimes tinged red, flesh juicy or woody with numerous sclereids, sepals persistent.

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