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Published In: The Gardeners Dictionary: eighth edition Cydonia no. 1. 1768. (16 Apr 1768) (Gard. Dict. (ed. 8)) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 5/8/2022)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 5/25/2018)
Contributor Text: J. Osborne & R. Borosova
Contributor Institution: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
Synonym Text: Pyrus cydonia L., Sp. Pl. 1: 480. 1753; C. maliformis Mill., Gard. Dict., ed. 8. no. 2. 1768 C. vulgaris Pers., Syn. Pl. (Persoon) 2(1): 40. 1806
Flower/Fruit: Fl.Per.: April – May.
Type: Lectotype: ‘In hortis passim’. Herb. Burser XXIII: 32 (UPS!) Taxon 51: 543. 2002.
Distribution: Kashmir (cult.), without precise locality, 5000-6000 ft, T. Thomson (K).
Comment/Acknowledgements: Cultivated. Fruits usually cooked to make preserves and drinks. Seeds used medicinally.


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Shrubs or small trees to 8 m tall. Branchlets densely tomentose when young, becoming glabrous. Leaves ovate, oblong or orbicular, 5–10 (12) × 3–7.5 cm, tomentose becoming glabrous adaxially, tomentose abaxially, apex acute to emarginate sometimes mucronulate, base rounded to slightly cordate, margin entire. Petiole 0.8–1.5 cm, tomentose. Stipules ovate to obovate, glandular-dentate, usually persistant. Flowers solitary, 4-5 cm in diameter. Bracts caducous. Pedicels to 0.5 cm, tomentose. Hypanthium narrowly campanulate, tomentose. Sepals ovate to oblong, 5-10 (12) mm long, tomentose above, glandular-pubescent beneath, acute at apex, margins glandular dentate. Petals white or pink, obovate, 1.8-2.5 x 1-2 cm, lanate at base, apex sometimes emarginate. Stamens less than half as long as petals. Styles densely tomentose at base. Fruit globose or pyriform to 3.5 cm long (cultivated fruits are much larger), yellow sometimes tinged red, initially tomentose becoming glabrous, aromatic, with 15-20 seeds in each locule.

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