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Published In: Species Plantarum 1: 441. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Contributor Text: Qutbuddin Marwat & Muhammad Amin Siddiqui
Flower/Fruit: Fl. & Fr. Per.: October-December.
Type: Type: "Habitat in Aegypto Arabia".
Distribution: Distribution: Mediterranean, N. Africa, Arabia, Palestine, Syria, Iraq, N. Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan, and N. W. Indian desert.
Comment/Acknowledgements: A fairly common species of dry regions. particularly on sand dunes. It is considered to be a very strong tonic. Leaves and fruits are used for medicinal purposes. Used as a source of fodder for camel and sheep.
Photo: Neurada procumbens L. (Photo)
Map Location: C-6 Laid Marwat: Peru, A.R. Beg 25864 (RAW); Data Tang, M.A. Siddiqui 3383 (RAW); Bannu: Bannu-Dena Ismail Khan road, Yasin Nasir 4627 (RAW); C-7 Attock: Dhok Pathan, R.R. Stewart & E. Nasir, 26748 (RAW); G-2 Panjgur, c. 30 Km from Panjgur-Turbat road, A. Ghafoor & S. Omer 1904 (KUH); c. 30 miles from Turbat on way to Pasni, A. Ghafoor & M. Qaiser 157 (KUH); Between Rumbra and Kalmat, c. 85 Km E. from Pasni on way to Kalmat, A. Ghafoor & S.M. Goodman 4843 (KUH); c.110 Km from Turbat on way to Gawader, A. Ghafoor & S. M. Goodman 4678 (KUH); G-3 Lasbela: Chubechi Nala, 5.10. 1962, S.M. Murtaza s.n. (KUH); 16 miles from Uthal on way to Karachi, M. Qaiser, A. Raza & Abrar Husain 700 (KUH); G-4 Kerther: Karchat, Tounge, c.140 miles from Karachi, Wild Life Hut, M. Qaiser, S.I.AIi & S. Omer 7212 (KUH); Mongopir, S.M.H. Jafri 257 (KUH); Ali & Alavi 156 (KUH); Defence Society Karachi, Tahira Firdous 14 (KUH); Bund Murad, 1.2.1961, S.A.Kheri, s.n. (KUH); Near Hub Pumping station, Anjum Perveen 181 (KUH); 22- miles from Karachi on way to Bela, Sultan-ul-Abedin & Abrar Husain 5856 (KUH); Memon Goth, Malir, A. Ghafoor, & S. Khatoon & Abrar Husain 3483 (KUH); Thatta: 40 miles from Karachi on way to Thatta, Sultan ul Abedin 5784, 5785. G-5 Hyderabad: Thar, Ranger’s Post, Diplo, M. Qaiser, A. Ghafoor & S. Abrar Husain, 3838 (KUH); Kotri-Karachi road, Bholari Camp, A. Jalis & M. Ahmed 25A, 71 (RAW).


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Annual prostrate, woolly canescent herb, root up to 180 mm long, diffused or procumbent branches, 100-322 mm long. Leaves 6-25 x 4-15 mm. oblong-ovate, pinnatilobed, lobes obtuse, 1-3(4) on each side, densely hairy with short or long, simple and branched hairs; bistipulate, stipules minute; petiole 3-8 mm long, densely hairy. Pedicels 3-6 mm long in fruit Receptacle 5.6 mm in diameter with 5-spiny, subulate, bracteoles. Sepals 5, acute, as long as or broader than the alternating bracteoles, connivent above, tube flat, spiny, forming a disc with the mature carpels, the outer teeth triangular, the inner lanceolate. Petals 5, 2-4.3 x 1.4-2 mm, inserted on the throat of the calyx tube, obovate or oblanceolate, greenish-white, distinctly veined, slightly exserting the sepals. Stamens 10, c. 2 mm long, filament slender, glabrous, with broadly ovate anthers, 0.5 x 0.5 mm. Carpels 10, partly connate, each one ovuled; styles longer than stamens, spinescent, sparingly tomentose, accrescent and hard in fruit; stigma minute, capitellate. Fruit dry, plano-orbicular, 8-15 mm in diameter, convex above, flat below, persisting as a collar around the young roots of the seedlings even after the plant is fully grown. Seeds curved about 2.5 x 1.5 mm in size, non endospermic, horn like with tapering distal end; testa dark brown, shiny. 2n=14.
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