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Published In: Journal of the Linnean Society, Botany 43(293): 467–468. 1916. (J. Linn. Soc., Bot.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Contributor Text: Sven Landrein , Renata Borosova and Joanna Osborne
Flower/Fruit: Fl.Per.: May-Aug.
Type: Lectoype: Tibet (Xizang), Gosainthan. Wall. Catalogue No.1238 (K!). Isolectotypes (K!, K-W!).
Distribution: Distribution: Pakistan, Afghanistan, Bhutan, China, Myanmar, Nepal, Sikkim.
Comment/Acknowledgements: Grows in wooded valleys, forest margins and meadows on mountain slopes, 1500-3600 m.

Fruits edible, gathered and sold by local children.

Although Fragaria nubicola is closely related to Fragaria vesca, it is generally recognised to be a distinct species characterised by appressed persistent sepals in fruit (this may be difficult to see in herbarium material).

The cultivated strawberry, Fragaria x ananassa (Weston) Duchesne ex Rozier, is a hybrid of two American species, Fragaria chiloensis (L) Mill., native to South America and W North America, and Fragaria virginiana Mill., native to E North America. It is characterised by large, tasty fruits to 3cm diameter with sepals appressed, and spreading hairs on stems, petioles and pedicels.

Map Location: A-7 Babusar village, ± 1100 ft, 4.9.1988, S. Omer & M. Qaiser 2633 (KUH), A-8 Gilgit Distt., Naltar, ± 1000 ft, 3.9.1988, S. Omer & M. Qaiser 2549 (KUH), Upper Naltar, ± 2900 m, 24.6.2003, Jan Alam 1820 (KUH), Ultar Nullah, Karimabad, 10.6.2007, Naseer Alam 8 (KUH), B-6 Dir State, 5000 ft, April 1963, Dr Salim 48 (K), Chitral, Ziarat (Lowarai Pass), 8000 ft, 1.5.1958, J.D.A. Stainton 2343 (K), Chitral, 7500 ft, May 1908, S. Coll 199 (K), Chitral, Bomboret Gol, 8000 ft, 18 April 1958, S.A. Bowes Lyon 610 (BM), B-7 Muzaffarabad Distt., Belly (Leppa Valley Rd.), 26.8.1972, M. Qaiser & A. Ghafoor 5085 (KUH), Dangair (forest nursery) Azad Kashmir, 22.8.1971, Sultanul Abedin M. Qaiser 9261 (KUH), 9 miles from Nathiagali on way to Abbottabad, 4.10.1970, S. A. Farooqi & M. Qaiser 3473 (KUH), 2 miles from Nathiagali on way to Abbottabad, 5.7.1977, Kamal & M. Qaiser 125 (KUH), About 2 miles from Kaghan on way to Naran, 1.10.1970, S. A. Farooqi & M. Qaiser 3285 (KUH), 2 miles from Naran on way to Saiful Muluk, 2.10.1970, S. A. Farooqi & M. Qaiser 3298 (KUH), Swat: Khawaza Khiela to Shangla, 1700-2000 m, 2.6.1965, Jennifer Lamond 1723 (KUH), Ushu valley, village Matiltan, c. 2 km from Ushu hotel towards Falkser top, c. 3000 m, 3.7.1987, A. Ghafoor & S. Omer 3410 (KUH), Along roadside on way to Govt. House Nathiagalli, 4.9.1969, Saida Qureshi 228 (KUH), On way to Ayubia, 30.11.1969, M. Qaiser 233 (KUH), c. 1 mile from Kawai on way to Shogran, 9.5.1983, Saood Omer, S. Nazimuddin & A. Wahid 595 (KUH), Kagan Valley 8000 ft, 13.5.96, J.F. Duthie 19410 (K), Kagan, Bata Kundi, 21.6.99, J.F. Duthie s.n. (K), B-8 Astor Distt.: Naghi Thely b/w domail and Minimarg, ± 3000 m, 11.9.2006, Ali Noor et al. 618 (KUH), Near Rama lake, ± 3200 m, 27.7.2007, Ali Noor & Bashir 835 (KUH), Kala Pani, Jonedup, 3489 m, 5.9.2007, Ali Noor 1144b (KUH), Sonamarg 11000 ft, 19.8.1946, R.R. Stewart 22390 (K), Kashmir, above Tragbal, 11000 ft, B.B. Osmaston 20 (K), Sind Valley, Khasia 10500 ft, 3 Sept 1876, C.B. Clarke 30985 (K), Sind Valley 7-8000 ft, 25.6.92, J.F. Duthie 11470 (BM), Baltistan 9000 ft, 25.5.28, F. Ludlow 312 (BM), Srinagar, Sonamarg 8500 ft, 2.7.1978, C.R. Lancaster 69 (BM), C-5 Waziristan, 8-11500 ft, 16.5.95, J.F. Duthie 15612 (K), C-6 Swabi, Puki, Kohat, Oct 64, Bashir Ahmad Suhail 266 (K), C-7 Murree hills, 7000 ft, 15.6.1959, S. I. Ali 649 (KUH), Sunny Bank, Murree, 9.5.1971, Sultanul Abedin 7381 (KUH), Barian, Murree Hills, 7000 ft, 13.10.1944, M. Nath 21429 (K), Murree, May 1915, Prescott-Decie s.n. (BM), Punjab, Murree, E.M. Saunders s.n. (K) C-8 NE of Murgar Pass, between Kashmir and Kishtwar, 9-11000 ft, G.L. de la C. Fuller 39 (K), Palgam, Liddar Valley, 18.5.07, J.F. Duthie s.n. (K), Kishtwar 6000 ft, T. Thomson s.n. (K), Kashmir 5-6000 ft, T. Thomson s.n. (K), Kashmir 6000 ft, May 1936, M.K. Timins 75 (BM), Kashmir, 6-8000 ft, 1915, Prescott-Decie s.n. (BM), Cashmere, A.P. Young s.n. (BM), Phalgarm, Liddar Valley, 9.5.40, P.M. Pintold 73 (BM), Lidarwat, Sept 1913, Anon s.n. (BM), D-4 Kurram Valley 12000 ft, 27.5.94, Harsukh 14726 (K), Kurram Valley, Harsukh 14815 (K), D-8 Himachal Pradesh, Bhut Nullah below Tau, c.11000 ft, 19 June 1981, C.D. Sayers 3733 (BM).


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Plants stoloniferous, 4–25 cm tall. Leaves 3-foliolate, lateral leaflets often distinctly petiolulate, elliptic or obovate, abaxially appressed white sericeous (sometimes sparsely so between veins) appearing silvery, adaxially appressed pilose, base broadly cuneate or rounded, margin sharply incised serrate, apex obtuse. Stems and petioles appressed to spreading. Inflorescence 1- to several flowered. Pedicels appressed white sericeous. Flowers large, sometimes more than 2.5cm diam. Epicalyx segments lanceolate, abaxially sparsely villous, margin entire to dentate, apex acuminate. Sepals ovate-lanceolate or ovate-oblong, apex acuminate. Petals white, obovate-elliptic. Stamens numerous. Carpels numerous. Glandetum ovoid, fleshy, red, with persistent sepals appressed. Achenes ovoid, smooth to rugose.
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