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Published In: Illustrations of the Botany ... of the Himalayan Mountains ... 206, pl. 38, f. 1. 1835. (Ill. Bot. Himal. Mts.) Name publication detailView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 5/12/2022)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 5/25/2018)
Contributor Text: R. Borosova & J. Osborne
Contributor Institution: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
Flower/Fruit: Fl.Per.: Nov – Mar, Fr.Per.: Apr – July.
Type: Type: N.W. India, Muttians, 31.5ºN, 5000-6000 ft., Royle s.n. (LIV); Iconotype: Royle, l.c.: t. 38 (1).
Distribution: Distribution: Pakistan, Kashmir, Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, India, Nepal.

Open areas, mountain slopes, along trails; 1300-1500 m.

Comment/Acknowledgements: Fruits edible. An edible oil can be obtained from the seed, sometimes used medicinally.
Map Location: B-7 Hazara, Jabori, Saran Range, Shinkiari, 4500 ft, 5.6.1899, J.F.Duthie s.n. (K); Hazara, J.R.Drummond 77 (K); C-7 Kashmir, Kahuta, 13.11.1870, Henderson 956 (K); Azad Kashmir, Nakial beyond Mirpur, 1524 m, 20.4.1954, R.R.Stewart s.n. (BM).


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Shrubs 1-5 m tall. Branches green to grey green, pubescent when young becoming glabrescent. Thorns 1-5 cm long, usually leafy. Leaves alternate or sometimes fascicled, glabrous, leaf blade elliptic to lanceolate, 2-7(-10) x 0.8-2.5 cm, base cuneate, margin serrulate, apex acuminate rarely rounded and mucronate. Petiole to 12 mm long, glabrous. Inflorescences usually racemose 2-4 cm long, sometimes 1-flowered, from the axils of thorns or on short branches, pubescent becoming glabrescent. Flowers ca. 1 cm in diameter. Hypanthium cup-shaped. Sepals 5, semiorbicular to broadly ovate, 2-4mm, with erose margin. Petals 5, white, orbicular to obovate, apically erose and with short claw at the base. Bracts and bracteoles lanceolate, glabrescent. Pedicel 5-8 mm. Stamens in 2 or more whorls, filaments up to 2 mm long, anther thecae separated by a broad connective. Ovary glabrous. Style 2-3 mm. Drupe dark purplish to black, oblong to obovate, up to 15 mm long. Seed with oily cotyledons.

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