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Project Name Data (Last Modified On 8/28/2013)

Flora Data (Last Modified On 8/28/2013)
Species Coffea arabica L.
PlaceOfPublication Sp. P1. 172. 1753.
Description Shrubs or trees, to 20 m tall, the branchlets straight or flexuous, glabrous, scarcely or moderately swollen at the nodes, the latter well spaced. Leaves el- liptic oblong, 8-18 cm long, 2.5-7.5 cm wide, distinctly acuminate at the apex, the acumen to 1.5 cm long, often falcate or somewhat hooklike, usually ultimately obtuse, attenuate or widely cuneate at the base, the costa prominulous above, subprominent beneath, the lateral veins 9-11, uniting to form a submarginal un- dulate vein to 0.8 cm from the margin, thin coriaceous to stiffly papyraceous, usually drying green or grey green; petioles to 1.2 cm long; stipules linear lan- ceolate, to 1.2 cm long, acute. Flowers not seen. Fruits plump, oblong. rotund, to 1.5 cm long, to 1 cm wide, rounded at the apex and the base, drying black brown or dull olive, glabrous, the calycine scar scarcely elevated, ringlike, to 2 mm in diam.
Habit Shrubs or trees
Note Coffea arabica is native to Africa and is cultivated throughout the tropical areas of the world. Standley & Williams (1975) discuss the cultivation of Coffea arabica in Guatemala. The 5-parted flowers are described in their diagnosis: flowers in clusters of 2-9 or more; sessile or nearly so, 12-18 mm long, bractlets ovate, the inner ones connate at the base of the pedicel, shorter than the 5-denticulate calyx; corolla lobes equalling or exceeding the tube; anthers exserted . . .
Native Africa
Distribution cultivated throughout the tropical areas of the world.
Specimen CHIRIQUi: Cafetales above El Cantinero, D'Arcy 9846 (MO). Finca "Princesa Janca," Boquete, D'Arcy & D'Arcy 6453 (MO). Fred Collins Finca, Boquete, Ebinger 725 (MO). Quebrada Melliza, 6 mi S of Puerto Armuelles, 0-150 m, Liesner 457 (MO). COCLi: Forest behind Club Campestre, 700 m, Duke 13252 (MO). El Valle, Ebinger 948 (MO). PANAMA: Rio Maje along river from waterfalls near Bayano Lake ca. 2 mi upstream, Croat 34553 (MO). Highway 79, Quebrada Sardinilla, 5 km NNE of cement factory, 55 m, Nee 6581 (MO). Cermefio, Ochoa 32 (MO).
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