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Published In: Species Plantarum 1: 107. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Flower/Fruit: Fl. Per.: April-August.
Type: Type: ‘Habitat in Europa frequens,’ Herb. Linn. 129/13 (LINN).
Distribution: Distribution: Eurasia, N. Africa, Afghanistan, Iran and Pakistan.
Comment/Acknowledgements: A widely distributed and highly polymorhic species. Many specific and subspecific taxa are recognized on the basis of stem and leaf shape, inflorescence and hairiness of corolla etc. It also hybridizes with other allied species and has numerous ecological and geographical races (Ehrendorfer, l.c.).
Illustration: Galium verum L. (Illustration)
Map Location: A-7 Gilgit agency: c. 8 miles from Nomal on way to Natter, Kamal A. Malik & M. Qaiser 615 (KUH); Nalter Valley, Abdul Ghafoor & Z.L. But 809, 817 (KITH); Naltar, Saood Omer 95 (KUH); 10 miles from Domial Nullah, Naltar, Saood Omer 135 (KITH); Natter, ± 8000 ft., R.R. Stewart 26439 (RAW); Dayan, Gilgit, 25.7.1950, A.R. Khan s.n. (RAW); Gilgit, Borpug 13500 ft., 8.8.1958, Magh. Tyndole & Biscal s.n. (RAW); A-8 Hopar glacier to Nagar, 8-9000 ft., R.R. Stewart 26438 (RAW); Kashmir. Holshal pres Nagar, 3100-3250 m. F. Schmid 1953 (RAW: G); B-7 Kaghan, Govt College collection 667 (RAW); Burawai 10,000 ft., 16.7.1953, S.M.A. Kazmi s.n. (KUH); 15 miles from Burawai on way to Gilgit, Kamal Akhter Malik & M. Qaiser 240 (KITH); Above Chorwan, Gilgit Road, R.R. Stewart 19706 (RAW); B-8 Babusar village, ± 13000 ft., M.A. Siddiqi & Y. Nasir 2792 (RAW); 3 miles from Babusar top on way to Gilgit, Salanul Abedin & M. Qaiser 9040 (KUID; B-9 Near Kharbu, Ladakh, ± 9500 ft., R.R. Stewart 21074 (RAW); C-6 Peshawar University Campus SA. Khan SAK/140 (PPFI-B).


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Erect annual herb. Stem subcircular or quadrangular, pubescent or glabrous, mostly with raised angles. Leaves sessile, narrowly linear, acute mucronate or awned, recurved, 8-10 (-12) in a whorl, 15-20 x 1-2 mm, sparsely hairy-glabrous above, mostly shortly and densely puberulous tomentose beneath. Inflorescence terminal, much branched and many flowered, up to 30 cm or more, usually longer than intemodes of the flowering branch; peduncle 2-3 cm long. Flowers yellow, 3-3.5 mm in diameter, pedicel 3-5 mm long, wiry. Corolla lobes lanceolate, acute or shortly apiculate, glabrous, c. 1.25 mm long. Fruit 1-1.5 mm long, globose, glabrous.
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