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Project Name Data (Last Modified On 9/4/2013)

Flora Data (Last Modified On 9/4/2013)
Species Faramea occidentalis (L.) A. Rich.
PlaceOfPublication MWm. Soc. Hist. Nat. Paris 5: 176. 1834.
Synonym Ixora occidentalis L., Syst. Nat. ed. 2: 893. 1759. TYPE: not seen. Tetramerium odoratissimum DC., Prodr. 4: 496. 1830. TYPE: not seen. Faramea zeteki Standley, Contr. Arnold Arbor. 5: 147. 1933. TYPE: Woodworth & Vestal 641 (F, holotype).
Description Trees to 10 m tall, the branchlets terete, smooth, glabrous, ultimately angular. Leaves oblong or elliptic, occasionally ovate oblong, 8-20 cm long, 2.5-11 cm
Habit Trees
Description wide, rounded or obtuse at the apex, acuminate, basally cuneate or truncate, the costa subplane to prominulous above, prominulous to prominent beneath, the lateral veins 8-10, widely arcuate, usually with 1-5 irregular and soon evanescent veinlets between adjacent lateral veins, the intervenal areas spreading reticulate, slightly marginate, papyraceous to thin coriaceous, glabrous above, sometimes sparsely pubescent on the veins beneath; petioles stiff, often twisted, to 1.5 cm long, to 0.2 cm wide, glabrate; stipules widely deltoid, 1-2 cm long, 0.5-0.8 cm wide at the base, the terminal awn linear, about the same length or twice the length of the body, glabrous. Inflorescences terminal, occasionally axillary, pa- niculate, spreading, shorter than the terminal leaves, glabrous, the peduncle oc- casionally absent, mostly 1-2.5 cm long, the primary branches usually 2(4), either strongly ascending or the branches strict arcuate, divergent or deflexed, the cy- mules few, sparsely flowered; pedicels 1-2 cm long. Flowers with the hypanthium oblong or rounded, the calycine cup cylindrical, ca. 2.2 mm long, stiffly carnose, glabrous with scattered glands within, these oblong, ca. 0.1 mm in diam., the teeth absent or evanescent; corolla white, the tube narrowly cylindrical, 1.7-2.2 cm long, carnose, glabrous, the lobes 4, lanceolate or ovate lanceolate, 1.1-1.8 cm long, ca. 0.45 cm wide; stamens 4, the anthers barely exserted, narrowly oblong, ca. 8 mm long, 0.8 mm wide, minutely apiculate, versatile, the filaments slender, ca. 2 mm long, inserted ca. 5 mm below the corolla mouth; ovarian disc prominent, ca. 0.5 mm long, the style slender, as long as the corolla tube or less than 1/4 the length, the stigmas 2, slender, erect, 2.5-5.5 mm long, obtuse, the ovarian wall very thick. Fruits rotund or occasionally compressed rotund, often wider than long, to 1.3 cm in diam., crowned with a cylindrical calycine cup, to 2 mm long, glabrous, drying black.
Distribution ranges from southern Mexico to Panama; it also occurs in the West Indies and throughout tropical South America.
Common Huesito Benja- min
Common Palo Escrito
Specimen CANAL ZONE: Pifia, near Waterways Exp. Sta., Duke 9252 (MO). Gatiin, Dwyer 1781 (MO). George Greene Memorial, Las Cruces Trail, Dwyer & Elias 7522 (MO, UC). Boy Scout Road, Madden Dam, Dwyer 11974 (MO). Obispo, Hayes 66 (BM). Pipeline Road, 4 km NW of Gamboa, Nee 7076 (MO). Road S-8, Quebrada La Furnia, 1.5 km SW of mouth of Chagres River, Nee 8636 (MO). Rio Indio de Gatin, Pittier 2783 (BM, US). Madden Forest, Stimson 5385 (MO). Gamboa, Tyson et al. 4571 (MO). Madden Lake, Boy Scout Camp, Tyson 5446 (MO). BARRO COLORADO ISLAND: Croat 4024A, 4131A, 6310, 6597, 9302, 14570, 14923, 14961, 14992, 17055 (all MO); Dwyer 1407 (MO); Knight 69-36 (MO); Oppenheimer 66-11-2-0905, 66-10-20-0911, 66-8-28-1528, 67-1-17-1004 (all MO); Foster 827 (MO); Robyns 65-32 (MO); Woodworth & Vestal 641 (F); Zetek 3992 (MO). COL6N: Rio Culebra, Pittier 4164 (US). COCLI: Lower Rio Anton, near El Valle, 800-1000 m, Allen 113 (MO). El Valle, Alston 1849 (US). DARIEN: Rio Chico, Allen 4640 (BM). Rio Bayano above confluence with Rio Chepo, Duke 3979 (MO). 0-4 mi up Rio Sabano, near Santa F6, Duke 4153 (MO). Rio Tuira, 2 mi upstream from Boca de Cupe, Duke 5380 (MO). El Llano, Duke 5519 (MO). Without other locality, Duke 8347 (MO). Rio Chucunaque, between Rio Membrillo and Rio Subcuti, Duke 8610 (MO). Near Estero Grande off Rio Marea, Duke 10958 (MO). Rio Corso headwaters off Rio Pacora, ca. 500 m, Duke 11943 (MO). Quebrada Maskia at Rio Pucro, Duke 13099 (MO). Cativo Swamp near Tusi- juanda, 1 day up Rio Balsa from Manen6, Duke 13534 (MO). Tumaganti, ca. 300 m, Duke 14155 (MO). Without other locality, Duke 15787 (MO). 1-3 mi N of Paya, Kirkbride & Duke 14013 (MO, US). Payita, Stern et al. 248 (MO). Between Rio Escucha Ruido & Rio Tuira, Stern et al. 576 (MO). 2 mi E of Santa F6, Tyson et al. 4673, 4807 (both MO). LOS SANTOS: Loma Prieta, 800-900 m, Duke 11843 (MO). PANAMA: Bayano Cuipo Forest, 34.6 km E of Bayano Bridge, Folsom 3533 (MO). Rio Pasiga, first sharp bend, Gentry 2263A (MO). 6 km SW of Arraijan, old road to Bique, Nee 6901 (MO). El Llano-Carti Road, 2.3 mi N of Panamerican Highway, ca. 250, Nee & Dwyer 9242 (MO). Rios Pacora & Corso to headwaters of Rio Corso, Oliver 2374 (MO, UC, VEN). Juan Diaz, Standley 30581 (MO). Macapale Island, Madden Lake, Tyson 5468 (MO).
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