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Project Name Data (Last Modified On 9/4/2013)

Flora Data (Last Modified On 9/4/2013)
Species Faramea eurycarpa Donnell Smith
PlaceOfPublication Bot. Gaz. 44: 113. 1907.
Note TYPE: Costa Rica, Tonduz 12880, not seen.
Synonym Faramea platycarpa Dwyer & Hayden, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 54: 140. 1967. TYPE: Ecuador, Owenby 2711 (MO, holotype).
Description Trees to 4 m tall, the ultimate branchlets becoming angular, smooth, glabrous, the nodes well spaced. Leaves oblong or oblanceolate, 5-16 cm long, 1.5-5.5 cm wide, rounded or obtuse at the apex, rarely cuneate, contracted into a slender acumen, the acumen to 1.3 cm long, ultimately obtuse, basally cuneate to obtuse, rarely truncate or auriculate, often inequilateral, the costa prominulous, the lat- eral veins ca. 13, at first nearly perpendicular, then widely arcuate, united to form a distinct undulate submarginal vein, to 0.3 cm from the margin with 1-2 smaller veins between 2 lateral veins, the intervenal areas spreading reticulate, charta- ceous to papyraceous, concolorous, glabrous, the margins delicately revolute; petioles slender to stout, to 0.5 cm long, glabrous; stipules connate, the 1 at the twig tip dome shaped, to 6 mm long, the awn shorter than the body, the inferior stipule~s more cylindrical, to 7 mm long, the sheath separating above into 2 tri- angular parts, each with an awn ca. 2 mm long, glabrous. Inflorescences terminal, solitary, oblong rotund to subcuneate, to 9 cm long, to 9 cm wide, paniculate, the peduncle 2-5 cm long, the lowermost branches opposite, to 3 cm long; the upper branches disposed as 2-3 pairs, usually opposite, the branchlets terminating in a fan of few-flowered cymules. Flowers with pedicels ca. 1 cm long, stiff; hypanthium ca. 0.75 mm long, glabrous, the calycine cup compressed cup shaped, shorter than the hypanthium, scarious and eglandular within, the teeth 4-5, ir- regular, unequal, triangular or subulate, to 0.8 mm long, acute; corolla purplish or white with a purplish apex, narrowly cylindrical, to 1 cm long, glabrous, car- nose; corolla lobes 4, ovate, to 3 mm long, occasionally slightly acuminate; sta- mens subsessile, the anthers 4, narrowly oblong, 3-4 mm long, minutely apicu- late, attached near the middle of the tube; style slender, ca. 8 mm long, the stigmas fingerlike, slightly unequal, to 1 mm long, scarcely wider than the style. Fruits drying black, bright blue, compressed rotund, wider than long, to 1.3 cm wide, smooth, glabrous, the calycine scar ringlike, scarcely elevated.
Habit Trees
Distribution known from Costa Rica and Panama. It is also known from Colombia and Ecuador.
Note Leon 537 (MO) from the Dept. Choco, Colombia, seems to be F. eurycarpa, although it reaches 10 m in height, has a strongly contracted inflorescence, and stipules to 1 cm. Forero et al. 3073 (MO), also from Dept. Choco, superficially resembles F. eurycarpa but has corolla lobes to 15 mm in length.
Specimen COCLE: La Mesa, Dwyer 8318 (MO). COL6N: Santa Rita Ridge, Dwyer 8554 (MO). DARIEN: 1-3 mi N of Paya, Duke 14005 (MO). PANAMA: Cerro Campana, Allen 1877 (F, MO, US); Correa & Dressler 291 (MO); Croat 14217, 17240, 22779 (all MO); Duke 10737 (MO, OS); Dwyer et al. 4718 (MO); Gentry 1831 (MO, NY), 4904, 4952 (both MO); Kirkbride & Hayden 277 (MO, NY); Kirkbride 337 (MO, NY); Lewis et al. 3049 (MO, SCZ, UC, VEN). El Llano-Carti Road, 21.1 km from Pana- merican Highway, Mori & Kallunki 5112 (MO). El Llano-Carti Road, 11-12 km from Panamerican Highway, Mori et al. 6885 (MO). Cerro Campana, Mori & Bolten 7703 (MO). El Llano-Carti Road, 16 km N of Panamerican Highway, Nee & Dressler 9356 (MO). El Llano-Carti Road, Nee et al. 8769 (MO). Cerro Campana, 825-1000 m, Nee & Stockwell 11581 (MO); Porter et al. 4162 (COL, DUKE, MICH, MO, NY, SCZ, UC, VEN).
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