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Project Name Data (Last Modified On 9/18/2013)

Flora Data (Last Modified On 9/18/2013)
Species Warszewiczia coccinea (Vahl) Klotsch
PlaceOfPublication Monatsber. Konigl. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 497. 1853.
Synonym Macrocnemum coccineum Vahl, Symb. Bot. 2: 38. 1791. TYPE: not seen. Mussaenda coccineum (Vahl) Poir. in Lam., Encycl. Mth. Bot. 4: 394. 1797. Calycophyllum coccineum (Vahl) DC., Prodr. 4: 367. 1830. Warszeiviczia pulcherriina Klotsch, Monatsber. Kdnigl. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 497. 1853. TYPE: Panama ("Verugua"), Warszewt'icz, not seen.
Description Trees to 12 m tall, the branches stout, angular, drying brown or black brown, relatively smooth, rimose, minutely puberulent to appressed pilose. Leaves ob- long, 5-45(-60) cm long, 10-20(-23) cm wide, tapering acutely or deltoidly at the apex, acuminate, the acumen to 2 cm long, the costa plane or prominent above, prominent beneath, the lateral veins 15-24, widely arcuate or arising from the costa almost perpendicularly, stiffly papyraceous, glabrate above, puberulent on the veins beneath; petioles 2-5 cm long, 0.8-1.1 cm wide, acute, golden puber- ulent, striate. Inflorescences terminal, to 60 cm long, the cyme usually subrotund or flabellate in appearance, disposed as a racemiform panicle, the clusters 1.5- 5.5 cm apart; peduncles suppressed or to 2.5 cm long. Flowers with the hypan- thium compressed rotund, ca. 1 mm long, the hairs dense, tawny, appressed, the calycine cup somewhat shorter than the hypanthium, its hairs often deciduous, the lobes 5, rotund, ca. 0.5 mm long, at least 1 flower in the cyme with an enlarged lobe, the lobe red, foliose, long stipitate, elliptic calycine to 12 cm long, to 4 cm wide, the blade usually slightly longer than the stipe, venose, glabrescent; corolla orange red, yellow or orange, 6-8 mm long, the tube short, cylindrical, expanded toward the apex, a little longer than the lobes, thickly petaloid, glabrous or gla- brescent outside, pubescent within at the point of filament attachment, the lobes 5, oblong or oblong rotund, 3 mm long, rounded, truncate or attenuate toward apex; stamens 5, the anthers oblong, ca. 1.6 mm long, petaloid, acuminate at the apex, the filaments subulate, 3 mm long, villose at the base; style crassate, to 5.5 mm long, the stigmas 2, rotund, exserted from the corolla. Fruits capsular, septi- cidally dehiscent, pilosulose; seeds to 1 mm long.
Habit Trees
Distribution ranges from Nicaragua south to Bolivia.
Note It is also found in Trinidad. Stern et al. (89), in noting the common name "Sangrenaria," add that the plant is used for hemorrhage. The flowers are protogynous and develop acropetally. Folsom 2599 notes visitation by hummingbirds.
Common Sangrenaria Guna
Common Crucero
Specimen CANAL ZONE: 1 mi N of Summit Garden, Blurn et al. 2336 (MO). Pipeline Road near Gamboa, Clewell & Tyson 3318 (MO). Summit Garden W of Highway, Croat 15010 (MO). Pipeline Road 3 mi from Gamboa gate, Croat 16605 (MO). Agua Sucia, Fairchild (F). Frijoles, Ebinger 316 (F). C-29 road, near Gatun, Harvey 5281 (F). Gamboa, Stephens 1073 (F, US). BARRO COLORADO ISLAND: Aviles 14, 15 (both MO), 979 (F); Croat 6032, 7340, 9923, 10278, 15010, 15562 (all MO); Hayden 48 (MO); Shattuck 979 (MO, US); Starry 271 (F, MO). CHIRIQUI: San F6lix to Cerro Flor, Allen 1954 (F, MO). Vicinity Remedios, Allen 3664 (F). Tol6, Transisthmian Highway, ca. 50 mi W of Santiago, Dwyer & Hayden 7761 (GH, K, MO, UC, US). COCLE: El Valle, Dwver 1912 (MO, US), 2109 (MO). Boca del Toabre, Lewis et al. 5490 (MO, SCZ, UC). El Valle, Luteyn & Kennedy 1686 (F); Seibert 427 (F). COL6N: Vicinity Guasimo, Croat 9923 (MO). Rio Salud, Hovell 127 (MO). 2-3 mi up Rio Guanche, Kennedy & Foster 2131 (MO). Rio Guanche, 3-4 km above bridge, road to Portobelo, Witherspoon & Witherspoon 8677 (MO). DARIEN: Rio Chico, near Yaviza, Allen 5091 (F). El Rio Yape, Bristan 1390 (MO). Gold mine Cana, 500-600 m, Croat 37672 (MO). Rio Ganglon, Duke & Bristan 374 (MO). Without other locality, Duke 5112 (MO, US). Rio Tucuti, ca. 2 hours by Piragua above Tucuti, Duke 5274 (MO). Rio Perrecenico off Rio Pirr6, Duke & Briston 8228 (MO). Pinas, Duke 10592 (MO). Manene to mouth of Rio Cuasi, Kirkbride & Bristan 1493 (MO). N slope of Cerro Pirre, Mori & Kallunki 5426 (MO). Patifno, Pittier 6674 (US). Bahia de Pifias, Stern & Chambers 171 (F, MO, US). Paya, Rio Paya, Stern et al. 371 (MO, US). Cerro Piriaque, Tyson et al. 3831 (MO). PANAMA: El Llano to Carti Road, 14 km N of Panamerican Highway, 350-500 m, Folsom et al. 1482 (MO). 5 mi SW of Cerro Brewster, Lewis et al. 3474 (MO, SCZ, UC, VEN). SAN BLAS: El Llano to Carti Road, 16.5 km N of Panamerican Highway, Folsom 2599 (MO). VERAGUAS: W of Sona, Allen 1023 (MO). Sona, Allen 1026 (F). 55 mi W of Santiago, D'Arcy & D'Arcy 6666 (MO).
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